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Figure group - Sculpture


  • Object:

    Figure group

  • Place of origin:

    Bihar (made)

  • Date:

    late 9th century- 10th Century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:


  • Materials and Techniques:


  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    South Asian Sculpture, Room 47b, case 4

Physical description

A group of four Hindu deities depicting from left to right, of Kubera, Vaisnavi, an unidentified female deity (Kumari?), and Brahmani. Jars symbolizing wealth appear beneath the figures and the kneeling figure of the male donor is represented to the left of the group. The image shows traces of gilding and blue pigment, both of which suggest that this image has, at some point in its history since the 9th century, been in worship in the Himalayas.

Place of Origin

Bihar (made)


late 9th century- 10th Century (made)



Materials and Techniques



Height: 9.2 cm, Length: 14.5 cm, Depth: 4.3 cm

Object history note

This small bronze image of a group of four Hindu deities is a fine example of bronze casting in eastern India at the beginning of the Pala period, (9th -12th century). Images of this scale were frequently commissioned by private donors for presentation to a local temple or shrine. This image bears a Sanskrit inscription on the reverse of the base indicating that it was the gift of 'Revaka'. This name alone gives no clue as to the identity or social background of the donor.

Historical context note

Formerly in the Heeramaneck collection, New York and sold at auction Sotheby's London 10-3-86. Purchased from Maurice Joy for £2400.
Bought from Maurice Joy.

Descriptive line

Group of mother goddesses and Kubera, bronze, Bihar, Eastern India, late 9th-10th century.

Labels and date

Copper alloy
Bihar, Eastern India
Pala period
Late 9th-10th century

IS.74-1990 [25/09/2000]
11. The God Kubera with Goddesses Vaishnavi(?),
Kumari and Brahmani
Pala period
Copper alloy
Eastern India (Bihar)
Inscribed in Sanskrit as being the gift of Revaka
Museum no. IS.74-1990 [06/06/2011]

Production Note

Bihar, Eastern India

Subjects depicted



Hinduism; Bronze; Sculpture


South & South East Asia Collection

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