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  • Place of origin:

    Palitana (made)

  • Date:

    11th century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:


  • Materials and Techniques:


  • Credit Line:

    Given by the Architectural Association

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Physical description

Carved in high relief with a four-armed deity seated in lalitasana (royal ease) position, holding a goad, a noose, a fruit and the neck of a snake. Standing by him is a female holding a chain of flowers. Flanking this group are two female attendants, all beneath a low canopy resting on four ringed pillars. On the left project an unpraised forearm and a downturned hand.

Place of Origin

Palitana (made)


11th century (made)



Materials and Techniques



Height: 11.5 in, Width: 18.5 in

Object history note

Given by the Architectural Association, to which this and 51 related architectural pieces from ruined temples devastated by Muslim raiders in the 14th and 15th centuries on the twin summits of Mount Shatrunjaya, Palitana in Gujarat, IM 53-112-1916, had been presented by Sir Henry Bartle Edward Frere, Ist baronet, G.C.B, C.C.S.I. (1815-1884), former Governor of Bombay, in 1877.
As John Guy writes in The Peaceful Liberators (see reference below) the high degree of stylistic uniformity suggests that these pieces were collected from a single temple, or at least from sites that were contemporary. They are related to known Solanki dynasty temples of the 11th and 12th centuries: inscriptions record that endowments were made to the Shatrunjaya temples during the reign of Siddharaja Jayasimha (1095-1142), a Solanki ruler renowned for his patronage.

Descriptive line

Portion of a Frieze, showing four-armed deity, Palitana, Gujarat, C11,

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Pal, Pratapaditya Dr. (Ed.) The Peaceful Liberators: Jain Art from India, New York and London, Los Angeles County Museum of Art and V&A, 1995

Production Note

Palitana, Kathiawar

Subjects depicted





South & South East Asia Collection

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