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Sculpture - Sculpture


  • Object:


  • Place of origin:

    Tamil Nadu (made)

  • Date:

    13th century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:


  • Materials and Techniques:

    Solid cast by cire-perdue process

  • Credit Line:

    Gift of Dame Adelaide Livingstone through The Art Fund

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Physical description

A standing male figure in a slightly bent or abhanga pose, holding a pair of cymbals. The hair is dressed high in a kesabandha, and the siras cakra (disc behind the head for hanging garlands) is large and wheel-like, cast separately and riveted to the head. The saint wears a loincloth with sash and a simple kind of girdle. Other details include a sacred cord; bracelets worn near the elbows; flower garlands on the shoulders; kakara-kundala ear pendants, anklets and padasaras on the feet. The figure stands on a plain circular pedestal which is cast in one piece with a square base, the latter with two holes for processional carrying. When acquired the surface of the metal was heavily encrusted with carbonate matter gathered duing earth-burial. It was susequently cleaned by the electrolyte process.

Place of Origin

Tamil Nadu (made)


13th century (made)



Materials and Techniques

Solid cast by cire-perdue process


Height: 61 cm

Object history note

Given by Dame Adelaide Livingston, through the National Art-Collections Fund.

Descriptive line

Standing figure of Tirujnana Sambandha, bronze, 13th century, Tamil Nadu.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

C. Sivaramamurti, South Indian Bronzes, New Delhi, 1963, pl. 56b.

Production Note

Tanjore District, South India




South & South East Asia Collection

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