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Chair

Chair

  • Place of origin:

    New York, USA (made)

  • Date:

    after 1872 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Gardner & Co (manufacturer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Walnut frame and perforated plywood seat and back panel, stained mahogany-colour, with decorative brass nails

  • Museum number:

    W.7-1986

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

  • Image in copyright

This chair bears a stamp with the maker's name and the date of 21 May 1872. This refers to the patent number, 127,045, that the firm had taken out for a three-ply veneer chair seat. The firm of Gardner and Co. was active from 1863 to about 1887. It manufactured plywood seat furniture on a vast scale, establishing a new industry.

This chair is a typical Gardner product. It is comparable to examples that were shown at the Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition of 1876. Gardner's selling agents, Hutchins & Mabbett, advertised it as the strongest chair made for its weight. They recommended it highly as a church, Sabbath school or reception chair. In 1875 it cost $3.25.

Physical description

Chair, the frame of turned and joined walnut, the seat continuous with the back and made of three-layer birch plywood of a neo-gothic pattern. Stained mahogany red all-over. Two sets of nails of different sizes, the ones of the chair back are smaller and bifurcated, those on the seat are larger and flatter but we cannot see if they too are bifurcated.

Place of Origin

New York, USA (made)

Date

after 1872 (made)

Artist/maker

Gardner & Co (manufacturer)

Materials and Techniques

Walnut frame and perforated plywood seat and back panel, stained mahogany-colour, with decorative brass nails

Marks and inscriptions

'Gardner's Patent May 21st 1872'

Dimensions

Height: 85.8 cm approx., Width: 42 cm approx., Depth: 49 cm

Labels and date

CHAIR

W.7-1986

'American and European Art and Design 1800-1900'

This chair bears Gardner's patent stamp of May 21st 1872, referring to their patent, No. 127045, for a three-ply veneer chair seat. Gardner & Co., active from 1863 to about 1887, manufactured plywood seat furniture on a vast scale, establishing a new industry. Chairs similar to this example were shonw at the Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition of 1876. [1987-2006]
Plywood Chair
After 1872

Gardner & Co manufactured plywood seat furniture on a vast scale, establishing a new industry. This chair is typical of their output. Comparable examples were shown at the Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition of 1876. [33 words]

USA, New York; designed and made by Gardner & Co.
Walnut frame, plywood seat and back panel, brass nails

Museum no. W.7-1986 [2011]

Materials

Brass; Walnut; Plywood; Mahogany-colour stain

Techniques

Turning; Joining; Staining; Pressing

Categories

Furniture

Collection code

FWK

Qr_O59317
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