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Le Peuple déliverant les Gardes Françaises a l'Abbaye St. Germain. le 30 Juin 1789

  • Object:

    Engraving

  • Place of origin:

    Paris (published)

  • Date:

    1791-1794 (published)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Berthault, Pierre-Gabriel, born 1748 - died 1819 (engraver)
    Prieur, Jean Louis (the younger), born 1759 - died 1795 (artist)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Engraving

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Mr E. Rawdon-Smith

  • Museum number:

    E.1782-1952

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level C, case O, shelf 1, box A

This print is an illustration to a group of prints depicting events during the French Revolution. The prints with accompanying text were originally sold separately between 1791-4, then were issued as a set of three bound volumes 'Collection complète des tableaux historiques de la révolution française' in 1804. The authors of the work were all actively involved in the early stages of the revolution, as was the artist of this print, Jean-Louis Prieur.

This scene shows the people of Paris releasing guards from the prison in the Abbey St Germain on the 30th June 1789. Disturbances had broken out in the city during June, and the Gardes Françaises had been called in to restore order. Some soldiers defied orders to shoot on the crowd. Many of them were suffering the same famines and lack of money as the rioting Parisians. The Duc de Chatelet, the colonel in charge of the Gardes Françaises, ordered these soldiers to be incarcerated in the prison in the Abbey St Germain. News of this reached the cafes by the Palais Royale where people gathered to voice their anger at the government. A crowd soon marched to the Abbey where they forced entrance, released the soldiers, and also gathered arms for the battles that were to come in the next few weeks. This strengthened the bond between the soldiers and the ordinary citizens of Paris and was to become crucial to the success of the revolution. On 1 July, the king was encouraged against his will to pardon these soldiers, a victory for the power of the people over the once omnipotent king.

Physical description

Print depicting a crowd of people, bearing released soldiers on their shoulders, during the French Revolution, 30 July 1789.

Place of Origin

Paris (published)

Date

1791-1794 (published)

Artist/maker

Berthault, Pierre-Gabriel, born 1748 - died 1819 (engraver)
Prieur, Jean Louis (the younger), born 1759 - died 1795 (artist)

Materials and Techniques

Engraving

Marks and inscriptions

'Prieur inv. & del. Berthault Sculp.'
Lettered with title and

'2'
Numbered

Dimensions

Height: 295 mm sheet, Width: 460 mm sheet, Height: 174 mm image, Width: 236 mm image, Height: 240 mm platemark, Width: 285 mm platemark

Object history note

The Collection Complète des Tableaux Historiques de la Revolution Française was first published in 40 parts in Paris between 1791 and 1794. They were published in 3 volumes in 1804.

Descriptive line

'Le Peuple déliverant les Gardes Françaises a l'Abbaye St. Germain. le 30 Juin 1789'. Print by Pierre Gabriel Berthault after Prieur, from the series 'Collection Complète des Tableaux Historiques de la Révolution Française', published Paris, 1791-1794.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Victoria & Albert Museum Department of Prints and Drawings and Department of Paintings, Accessions 1952. London: HMSO, 1963.
Text by Clause Fauchet, Sebastien R.N. Chamfort, Pierre L. Ginguené and F.X. Pagès. Cf. Tourneux Collection complète des tableaux historiques de la révolution française :composé de cent treize numéros en trois volumes. Paris: Auber, c1804.
Warren Roberts, Jacques-Louis David and Jean-Louis Prieur. Revolutionary Artists. The Public, the Populace, and Images of the French Revolution New York: University of New York Press, 2000. ISBN: 0-7914-4287-x

Materials

Printing ink

Techniques

Engraving

Subjects depicted

Crowd scenes; Street scenes; Revolution; Mass media; Imprisonment; Disobedience; Rebellion; Protest; Power (military)

Categories

Prints; Military; Politics; Periodicals; Patriotism; Illustration

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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