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Fusillade Au Fauxbourg St. Antoine

  • Object:

    Etching

  • Place of origin:

    France (printed)

  • Date:

    1791-4 (printed)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Girardet (etcher)
    Vény (etcher)
    Niquet, Claude I (artist)
    Pélicier, J. (artist)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Etching

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Mr. E. Rawdon-Smith

  • Museum number:

    E.1785-1952

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level C, case O, shelf 1, box A

This print is an illustration to a group of prints depicting events during the French Revolution. The prints with accompanying text were originally sold separately between 1791-4, then were issued as a set of three bound volumes 'Collection complète des tableaux historiques de la révolution française' in 1804. The authors of the work were all actively involved in the early stages of the revolution.

This scene shows a riot in the Faubourg St Antoine. Disturbances broke out after rumours that a wallpaper manufacturer called Reveillon had suggested that workers take lower wages. Although this was untrue, emotions were high in the capital that was suffering from lack of money and famine, so a crowd set about attacking the factory. This was one of the first violent outpourings of what became the revolution. The Gardes Françaises and Royal guards were called upon to restore the peace, shooting at the protesters, who responded by throwing pieces of masonry at the guards.

Physical description

Print depicting a street battle during the French Revolution in April 1789. Soldiers in the street with bayonets fire up towards a building, form which men are throwing lumps of masonry.

Place of Origin

France (printed)

Date

1791-4 (printed)

Artist/maker

Girardet (etcher)
Vény (etcher)
Niquet, Claude I (artist)
Pélicier, J. (artist)

Materials and Techniques

Etching

Marks and inscriptions

'Après le pillage de la Maison et de la Manufacture de Réveillon…don't ils firent un grand carnage [...] Dessiné par Vény et Girardet. Gravé à l'Eau-forte par Pélicier et terminé par Cl. Niquet.'
Lettered with title, 2 lines of descriptive text

'Pag.19. No.9'
Numbered

Dimensions

Height: 294 mm, Width: 457 mm

Object history note

The Collection Complète des Tableaux Historiques de la Revolution Française was first published in 40 parts in Paris between 1791 and 1794. They were published in 3 volumes in 1804.

Descriptive line

'Fusillade Au Fauxbourg St. Antoine'. Etching by Girardet and Vény, after J. Pélicier and Claude Niquet, after 1789.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Victoria & Albert Museum Department of Prints and Drawings and Department of Paintings, Accessions 1952. London: HMSO, 1963.
Victoria & Albert Museum. Charles Dickens. London: 1970, p.92.

The full text of the entry is as follows:

"Véney and Girardet
Fusilade Au Faubourg St Antoine [Paris] Le 28 Avril 1789
Lettered with title, 2 lines descriptive text, and Dessiné par Véney et Girardet. Gravé à l’Eau-forte par Pélicier et terminé par Cl. Niquet
Etching.
E.1785-1952

This etching, contemporary with the scene it depicts, portrays an incident similar to that described by Dickens in Book II, chapter 21 of A Tale of Two Cities, which Phiz illustrated with a plate entitled ‘The Sea Rises’"
Text by Clause Fauchet, Sebastien R.N. Chamfort, Pierre L. Ginguené and F.X. Pagès. Cf. Tourneux Collection complète des tableaux historiques de la révolution française :composé de cent treize numéros en trois volumes. Paris: Auber, c1804.

Materials

Printing ink

Techniques

Etching

Subjects depicted

Protest; Crowd scenes; Revolution; Street scenes; Rebellion; Rioting; Mass media; Fighting; Power (military); Civil defence

Categories

Prints; Firearms; Military; Periodicals; Politics; Illustration

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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