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Armchair
  • Armchair
    Breuer, Marcel Lajos, born 1902 - died 1981
  • Enlarge image

Armchair

  • Place of origin:

    Weimar (made)

  • Date:

    1922 (designed)
    1924 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Breuer, Marcel Lajos, born 1902 - died 1981 (designer)
    Bauhaus (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Cherrywood, with horsehair and cotton upholstery

  • Museum number:

    W.6-1988

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Marcel Breuer (1902-1981) was considered one of the most influential furniture designers of the last century. He was the first to incorporate tubular steel into furniture design. Steel went on to be one of the trademark materials of Modernism.

Breuer designed this wooden chair at the age of 20, while still a student at the Bauhaus in Dessau, Germany--probably the most important school of art and design of the 20th century. The design is strongly influenced by the Dutch 'de Stijl' group, in particular by the furniture of Gerrit Rietveld. It is a particularly notable example of Modernist furniture, more concerned with artistic expression than comfort.

Place of Origin

Weimar (made)

Date

1922 (designed)
1924 (made)

Artist/maker

Breuer, Marcel Lajos, born 1902 - died 1981 (designer)
Bauhaus (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Cherrywood, with horsehair and cotton upholstery

Dimensions

Height: 95 cm, Width: 56.2 cm, Depth: 57.5 cm

Object history note

Object sampling carried out by Jo Darrah, V&A Science; drawer/slide reference 7/82.

This particular example of the chair was owned by Dr. Georg Grieszner (1893-1969), from 1921 a leading teacher of theatre studies in Nuremberg and from 1945 Study Professor and Director of the Adult Education Centre in Nuremberg. In 1954 this chair was lent to the German National Museum (Germanisches National-Museum) in Nuremberg.

Descriptive line

Armchair; cherrywood with horsehair and cotton upholstery; designed by Marcel Breuer (1922), made at the Bauhaus (1924); Weimar, Germany

Labels and date

ARMCHAIR
Designed by Marcel Breuer (American, born Hungary, active in Germany and England, 1902-1981).
Made by the Bauhaus cabinetmaking workshop, Weimar, Germany
Cherry wood with horsehair and cotton upholstery
1922

Breuer designed this chair at the age of twenty while a student at the Bauhaus, probably the most important school of art and deign of the twentieth century. The design is strongly influenced by the Dutch De Stijl group, in particular the furniture of Gerrit Rietveld. It is a particularly notable example of Modernist furniture more concerned with artistic expression than comfort.
(Gallery label for 103-6, opened Jan 1989) [1989]

Materials

Cherry; Horsehair; Cotton

Categories

Furniture

Collection

Furniture and Woodwork Collection

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