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Panelling

Panelling

  • Date:

    ca. 1600 (made)

  • Museum number:

    4870-1856

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Physical description

Part of the panelling of a room. The panelling is composed of a series of panels surrounded on three sides by a moulding. The whole is surmounted by a dentil cornice below which is a frieze formed of oblong panels carved with strapwork and floral scrolls with figures and masks, the higher relief built up with additional layers before carving (now missing in some places). Along the bottom is a skirting border of strapwork. The panelling is divided at intervals by pilasters, the bases of which are carved with cartouche and strapwork, the shaft panels filled with formal scrolls of fruit and flowers, and with figures, terminals, birds and animals; above are Corinthian capitals surmounted by brackets carved with lions' masks. The panelling includes three doors with wrought iron hinges and latches. Also a piece of panelling 3 ft. 5 in. (104.1 cm) high and two smaller pieces (from below the windows) composed of a row of upright panels, with a row of oblong panels above carved with strapwork and foliage and having a shell in the centre.

Condition:
Generally good, apparently with a varnish on the front. On the reverse of the panelling are numerous small repairs such as pasted canvas reinforcing strips, latter screwed reinforcing battens, and early nailed reinforcing slips behind some joints. Modern mirror plates are attached to most of the individual sections. Parts of the panelling were recorded in gallery 52 in 1962, and from at least 1976 to 1996, about 12m of the panelling was displayed in gallery 54, behind the Bed of Ware bedstock.

Removed from a house near Exeter. End of 16th century.
From catalogue Total length about 41 ft., H. 8 ft. 2 in.
(Total length about 1249.7 cm, H. 249 cm)

This panelling corresponds closely with that at Bamfylde House, Exeter (see Museum Negatives, Nos. 32142 and 32143); also with that in the Dining Room at Bradfield Hall, near Exeter (see Negatives Nos. 32285 and 32289).

Date

ca. 1600 (made)

Object history note

PANELLING of a ROOM. Carved oak; removed from an old house near Exeter, with doors and carved pilasters to match.
English.
About 1600.
Entire L. 52 ft. average H. 8 ft. 3 in.
Bought 50l.
4870 to 4881-1856

Parts divided between Woodwork and Circ. Inventories [undated file note]

4881A, 4881B - 1856 These two carved oak caps are copies by A. Chisholm Junior, of originals belonging to the panelling of the Exeter room, and have been incorporated into the panelling. July 1900.

4870F-1856, and two pilasters 4878:c-1856, 4878:d-1856 lent to RAM, Exeter 2013-2014

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

4870 to 4881-1856
Part of the panelling of a room. The panelling is composed of a series of panels surrounded on three sides by a moulding. The whole is surmounted by a dentil cornice below which is a frieze formed of oblong panels carved with strapwork and floral scrolls with figures and masks. Along the bottom is a skirting border of strapwork. The panelling is divided at intervals by pilasters, the bases of which are carved with cartouche and strapwork, the shaft panels filled with formal scrolls of fruit and flowers, and with figures, terminals, birds and animals; above are Corinthian capitals surmounted by brackets carved with lions' masks. The panelling includes three doors with wrought iron hinges and latches. Also a piece of panelling 3 ft. 5 in. (104.1 cm) high and two smaller pieces (from below the windows) composed of a row of upright panels, with a row of oblong panels above carved with strapwork and foliage and having a shell in the centre.

Removed from a house near Exeter. End of 16th century.
From catalogue Total length about 41 ft., H. 8 ft. 2 in.
(Total length about 1249.7 cm, H. 249 cm)

This panelling corresponds closely with that at Bamfylde House, Exeter (see Museum Negatives, Nos. 32142 and 32143); also with that in the Dining Room at Bradfield Hall, near Exeter (see Negatives Nos. 32285 and 32289).
Eleanor Rowe, Practical Wood-Carving; part 1 Elementary (London, 1907), p. 81-83
'Three illustrations are given from a panelled room removed from an old house near Exeter, and for broad simple Renascence carving no better examples could be found. The panelling was probably imported from Flanders, as there are several similar rooms in and about Exeter, all of which give evidence of having been adapted to the rooms in which they have been fitted.
The carving of the panelling does not exceed 1/8 in. in relief, and where greater relief was wanted, as in the boss of the pedestal, the wood has been planted on. This is an expedient which is rarely to be commended. The panel on p. 81 and the pilaster would be very good for the student to copy, as the modelling is simple, and the treatment can easily be seen in the illustrations. In the panel, if the pendant centre were omitted, the student would have the typical Tudor rose of the period. The treatment of the vine in the pilaster is excellent, and the tendrils are but slightly undercut. The stalk and branches might be a little less round. Notice that the upper margin is wide, as it is well above the eye and under a projecting moulding, and that the margin of the base which rests upon the pedestal is a little narrower, but slightly wider than the sides. When seen in situ these differences are not apparent. The boss in the centre of the pedestal has been applied. The treatment of the shell-like ornaments is very simple and most effective. They appear again in the four corners of a square panel, with a cherub's head in the centre of the panel, the wood for which has also been planted on. The capital is a very typical example of the style, and comparatively eady to carve. The width at the base of the capital should always be the same as the width of the pilaster.'

Labels and date

4870 to 4881-1856

PANELLING
ENGLISH; late 16th century
Oak with conventional carved decoration in the frieze.

This panelling comes from the same house in Exeter as the panelling in Room 52. This section, however, lacks the carved pilasters. [pre October 2000]
PANELLING
English; about 1610
Oak, not in its original arrangement
Part of 4870 to 4881-1856
This panelling comes from a house in Exeter, where a local school of joiners produced some remarkably sophisticated carved ornament. The friezes are in part derived from Hans Vredeman de Vries, Dorica and Ionica (Antwerp, 1565, reprinted 1578), a pattern book of ornamental variations on the theme of the classical orders of architecture. [unknown]

Collection

Furniture and Woodwork Collection

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