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Print - Paris Gardé par le Peuple la nuit du 12 au 13 Juillet 1789
  • Paris Gardé par le Peuple la nuit du 12 au 13 Juillet 1789
    Berthault, Pierre-Gabriel, born 1748 - died 1819
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Paris Gardé par le Peuple la nuit du 12 au 13 Juillet 1789

  • Object:

    Print

  • Place of origin:

    Paris (published)

  • Date:

    1791-1794 (published)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Berthault, Pierre-Gabriel, born 1748 - died 1819 (engraver)
    Prieur, Jean Louis (the younger), born 1759 - died 1795 (artist)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Engraving

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Mr James Laver CBE

  • Museum number:

    E.842-1959

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level E, case I, shelf 7, box B

This print is an illustration to a group of print depicting events during the French Revolution. Originally published serially between 1791-4, they were issued as a set of three bound volumes 'Collection complète des tableaux historiques de la révolution française' in 1804. The authors of the work were all actively involved in the early stages of the revolution, as was the artist of this Print, Jean-Louis Prieur.

Rioting spread throughout Paris from the 12 July. The people of the city were afraid of an attack by the royal guards as rumours were heard of a royal coup to bring back revolutionary Paris to heel. They were also concerned about the disturbances breaking out amongst Parisians themselves. Militias were set up, made up of ordinary working people, untrained for battle but keen to protect their city. They patrolled the streets, keeping order and readying themselves for attack. At this point, these included both women and men, as can be seen in the print. The militias were formalised on the 15th July as the National Guard was created by the people of Paris, a force made up of and loyal to the people rather than the ruling class. It was soon coped throughout France. The commander-in-chief of the new National Guard was the marquis de LaFayette, a liberal nobleman who had served as a general during the American Revolutionary war.

Physical description

Plate depiciting an event from the French Revolution. A crowd of men and women with flaming torches, drums and bayonets walk through a street.

Place of Origin

Paris (published)

Date

1791-1794 (published)

Artist/maker

Berthault, Pierre-Gabriel, born 1748 - died 1819 (engraver)
Prieur, Jean Louis (the younger), born 1759 - died 1795 (artist)

Materials and Techniques

Engraving

Marks and inscriptions

'Prieur inv. & del. Berthault sculp.'
Lettered with title and

Dimensions

Height: 20.6 cm cut to, Width: 24.8 cm cut to, Height: 177 mm image, Width: 235 mm image

Object history note

The Collection Complète des Tableaux Historiques de la Revolution Française was first published in 40 parts in Paris between 1791 and 1794. They were published in 3 volumes in 1804.

Descriptive line

Print entitled 'Paris Gardé par le Peuple la nuit du 12 au 13 Juillet 1789'. Plate 11 of 'Collection Complète des Tableaux Historiques de la Revolution Française'. Engraving by Pierre Gabriel Berthault, probably after Jean Louis Prieur, 1791-1794.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Victoria and Albert Museum Department of Prints and Drawings and Department of Paintings, Accessions 1959 . London: HMSO, 1964.
Text by Clause Fauchet, Sebastien R.N. Chamfort, Pierre L. Ginguené and F.X. Pagès. Cf. Tourneux Collection complète des tableaux historiques de la révolution française :composé de cent treize numéros en trois volumes. Paris: Auber, c1804.
Warren Roberts, Jacques-Louis David and Jean-Louis Prieur. Revolutionary Artists. The Public, the Populace, and Images of the French Revolution New York: University of New York Press, 2000. ISBN: 0-7914-4287-x

Techniques

Engraving

Subjects depicted

Street scenes; Civil defence; Crowd scenes; Solidarity; Mass media; Revolution

Categories

Prints; Firearms; Patriotism; Periodicals; Musical instruments; Illustration

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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