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Panel - Allegorical Figures: Britannia Enthroned, surrounded by Concord, Learning and Religion overcoming Vice (panel from Royal State Coach for George I)
  • Allegorical Figures: Britannia Enthroned, surrounded by Concord, Learning and Religion overcoming Vice (panel from Royal State Coach for George I)
    Thornhill, James Sir, born 1675 - died 1734
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Allegorical Figures: Britannia Enthroned, surrounded by Concord, Learning and Religion overcoming Vice (panel from Royal State Coach for George I)

  • Object:

    Panel

  • Place of origin:

    London (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1718 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Thornhill, James Sir, born 1675 - died 1734 (artist)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Oil on wooden panel, the thin panel mounted onto a thicker panel, and backed with canvas

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Miss Turner

  • Museum number:

    W.13-1944

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This panel, with its pair (W.13-1944) was painted by Sir James Thornhill as one of the two door panels from a state coach built for King George I in about 1718. Coaches were always a highly important emblem of the wealth and power of monarchs and in this case George I took the opportunity to add a strong statement about his intentions as king. He came to the throne in 1714, after the death of Queen Anne, and by 1718 had already had to face an uprising of the Jacobites, British supporters of the Stuart dynasty.

The panel shows Brittania (the figure who represents Britain) enthroned in the centre, with a lion at her feet. On the left are figures of Concord (standing) and Learning (seated). On the right stands a male figure representing Religion overcoming Vice. The nine female figures in the background may be the Muses, the goddesses of creative inspiration in the arts.

Thornhill was appointed History Painter to George I in 1718 and Sergeant Painter (a more lucrative post) in 1720. He turned his decorative talents to ceilings, walls and theatrical scenery, as well as to coach panels.

Physical description

A rectangular panel with a stepped, arched top, painted on a gold ground with a seated figure of Britannia, below the British royal arms, surrounded by allegorical figures

Place of Origin

London (made)

Date

ca. 1718 (made)

Artist/maker

Thornhill, James Sir, born 1675 - died 1734 (artist)

Materials and Techniques

Oil on wooden panel, the thin panel mounted onto a thicker panel, and backed with canvas

Dimensions

Height: 54 cm, Width: 60.2 cm, Depth: 1.8 cm

Object history note

Panel for a state coach for George I

Descriptive line

Panel, Allegorical Figures: Britannia Enthroned, surrounded by Concord, Learning and Religion overcoming Vice, by Sir James Thornhill, ca. 1718

Labels and date

PANEL FOR A ROYAL STATE COACH FOR GEORGE I.
ENGLISH; about 1718
By SIR JAMES THORNHILL (1675/6 - 1734)

An allegorical group with an enthroned figure of Britannia, a lion at her feet, Conrad and Learning on the left; on the right, a male figure representing Religion (or Spiritual Power) overcoming Vice (or Tyranny) and in the background, nine female figures, perhaps Muses. The arms and emblems are those of George I. [pre October 2000]

Materials

Panel

Subjects depicted

Religion; Tyranny; Concord; Lion; Learning; Vice; Arms

Categories

Myths & Legends; Transport

Collection

Furniture and Woodwork Collection

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