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Cabinet

Cabinet

  • Place of origin:

    England (made)

  • Date:

    1685-1700 (made)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Walnut with oyster veneers and floral marquetry of ivory, ebony and other woods; carcase of pine; original brass drop handles

  • Credit Line:

    Gift of Brigadier W. E. Clark CMG, DSO through The Art Fund

  • Museum number:

    W.19:1-1958

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Physical description

Cabinet on stand, walnut enriched with floral marquetry in stained ivory an other woods. The cabinet of walnut is surmounted by a moulded cornice and frieze drawer of convex section. The drawer front has two oval panels of floral marquetry of coloured woods and ebony. Two doors each decorated with floral marquetry, within oyster cut veneer borders, which open to disclose ten drawers surrounding a central cupboard. The fronts of the drawers are veneered with oyster wood as are the inside faces of the doors. Drawer linings of oak. The central door is veneered with a panel of floral marquetry against an ebony ground and opens to disclose three further small drawers.

The stand is supported on six column legs, four at the front and two at the back, with stretchers of interlacing scrolls. The whole stand, including columns and stretchers, is veneered with floral marquetry of stained ivory and coloured woods. The stretchers notably have marquetry on the sides as well as the front. In the upper stage of the stand there is a wide oak-lined drawer; between each pair of front legs a shaped apron, veneered en suite with the remainder. Turned bun feet. Carcase of pine. Original brass handles.

Condition & Construction
Object has high and degrading varnish and cracks with veneer losses to the left hand door. The marquetry is of two types, oyster and floral with engraving. The marquetry includes ivory inlaid in half thickness on a backing support. The lock in the inner central cupboard is a later addition.

The drawers are pine fronted with veneered front face but are inconsistent and have been bandaged. The large bottom drawer is dovetailed front and back, the forms of which have ghosted through the front marquetry. The doors appear to have been extended and are ill proportioned, in a manner unattributable to shrinkage.

The lower section is made of pearwood stained with inlay and appears aesthetically different from the upper section. The rear has been stained and bandaged.

Place of Origin

England (made)

Date

1685-1700 (made)

Materials and Techniques

Walnut with oyster veneers and floral marquetry of ivory, ebony and other woods; carcase of pine; original brass drop handles

Object history note

Acquired as a gift, of Brigadier W. E. Clark (Elmstead House, Chiselhurst, Kent) CMG, DSO through The Art Fund (RP 58/2312). No condition noted.

Cracks in doors filled in by Conservation, May 1980.

Descriptive line

Cabinet on stand, English, late 17th C

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Ramond, Pierre. La Marqueterie. Paris, Editions Vial, 1981, p. 49
Ramond, Pierre. Marquetry. 1st ed. published in English by Taunton Press, 1989. Revised edition, Paris, Editions Vial, 2002, p. 49
Mercer, Eric. The Social History of the Decorative Arts - Furniture (700 -1700). London, 1969. Photo 184.

Labels and date

CABINET ON STAND
Walnut and floral marquetry in stained ivory and various woods. The doors conceal drawers faced with oyster veneers.
English; late 17th century.
Given by Brigadier W.E. Clark, C.M.G., D.S.O., through the National Art-Collections Fund.

Floral marquetry was an international style in furniture of this date; it probably reached this country from Holland, having its origins in Belgium and France. [1968]
CABINET ON STAND
ENGLISH; about 1685
Walnut and floral marquetry in stained ivory and various woods. The doors conceal drawers faced with oyster veneers.

Given by Brigadier W.E. Clark, C.M.G., D.S.O., through the National Art-Collections Fund. [pre October 2000]

Materials

Pine; Walnut; Ivory

Techniques

Marquetry; Cabinet-making

Collection

Furniture and Woodwork Collection

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