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Marionette

Marionette

  • Place of origin:

    Lincolnshire (made)

  • Date:

    1870s-1890s (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Tiller family marionette company (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Carved wood with painted decoration; sewn cotton stuffed body with cotton and silk, knitted costume

  • Museum number:

    S.288-1999

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This is one of 35 marionettes from the Tiller-Clowes troupe, one of the last Victorian marionette troupes in England. Marionette shows were a popular form of entertainment for adults in the 19th century, many of them family concerns which travelled around the country long before the advent of film and television, presenting shortened versions of London's latest popular entertainment from melodramas and pantomimes to minstrel shows and music hall. In the 18th and early 19th centuries their theatres were relatively makeshift, but after about 1860 many became quite elaborate, with walls constructed from wooden shutters, seating made from tiered planks of wood, and canvas roofs.

The figures were carved, painted, dressed and performed by members of the company. This is one of two white-faced clowns with articulated mouths who performed a comical drunken stilt-walking act. The clown's feet and calves are attached to his stilts; he has a beer bottle in his right hand, and his left hand is carved closed. The act was very popular in the marionette music hall, and figures like this featured in several different companies.

Physical description

Carved wooden marionette in the form of a white-faced drunken stilt-walking clown, a speciality act. He is wearing a white cotton knickerbocker suit trimmed with blue braid, the thigh-length knickerbockers with four flounces around each leg. The jacket has puffed shoulder sections with flounces above the elbow, below which are straight, fitted sleeves, to the wrist. The white jacket features a central blue silk panel with a silver sequin surround, and he wears a red velvet waistcoat, trimmed with sequins. He has black knitted stockings, and carved shoes, painted red. His feet and the sides of his calves are attached to white stilts, which are padded on the ends to reduce slippage. Both hands are closed, and he holds a beer bottle in his right hand.

He has hair carved with points either side of a bald pate, and a white painted face and head, decorated with clown's stylised make-up of a red diamond on each cheek and one on his forehead. He has an articulated mouth with a hole in the centre of the head for string, which is not connected..

There are joints at the ankle, knees and pelvis. The lower arm is in one piece, and the upper arm is stuffed, with joints at elbow and shoulder. The body is in two pieces but strongly stuffed, with some movement. The neck/torso is a two-stapled joint. There is a small staple on the upper lip for the bottle string to pass through. The thigh joint is a cotton 'bag' going 5.5cm down thigh, with padding inserted in the top 3cms. It is sewn across at the top, then 3cm of the flattened cotton is attached by tacks to the base of the pelvis. The whole is cut like a pair of pants and tacked to the pelvis.

There is a hole through the head for a string, which is not connected, and a staple in the upper lip for control of the bottle string. There is a string to the backside for bowing. There is no padding in the central section of the body and the legs are attached to the body section by a piece of rexine, tacked front and back, under which are remnants of an older cloth joint.

The clown is worked by two doweling control bars, possibly replacements for the originals. Bar one controls the knees for walking. Bar two has seven notches (three without strings attached); the head is controlled by two strings (from the notches third left and right); there is a bowing string (to waist) from the centre; a pull through bottle string, left of centre (through screw eye), and the left hand is controlled from the extreme left notch.

Place of Origin

Lincolnshire (made)

Date

1870s-1890s (made)

Artist/maker

Tiller family marionette company (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Carved wood with painted decoration; sewn cotton stuffed body with cotton and silk, knitted costume

Dimensions

Circumference: 13 cm head, Height: 65 cm top of head to feet, Length: 13 cm head and neck, Height: 88 cm top of head to floor, including stilts

Object history note

This marionette along with the rest of the troupe and three of their original backcloths had been stored in a blacksmith's shop in Lincolnshire for over thirty years, but after cleaning and re-stringing, most of the marionettes were restored by Gerald Morice and George Speaight who purchased them in 1945. They began working on recreating some of the puppets' original repertoire. Since the original cloths were too fragile for performance, new backdrops were painted, and in August 1951 as part of The Festival of Britain celebrations, the marionettes took to the stage again as The Old Time Marionettes, at the Riverside Theatre, Festival Gardens, Battersea Park. In the 1980s George Speaight lent the troupe to puppeteers in Germany but in the late 1990s he sold them to John Phillips, an expert puppet carver, manipulator and puppet historian, whose widow sold them to the Museum after his death in 1998.

This marionette was used with his fellow stilt-walker (S.287-199) in the double act Joe and Joey, the Comical Stilt Walkers, in the Variety performance preceding the production of The Floating Beacon at the Theatre Museum in April 2004.

Historical context note

This marionette appeared in Tricks with Strings, a performance on the 29th April 2018 as part of the V&A Performance Festival. The puppeteers included Ronnie Le Drew, Susan Dacre, Keith Frederick, Siân Kidd, and Eti Meacock. The performance was directed by Rachel Warr.

Descriptive line

Carved wooden marionette of a white-faced stilt-walking drunken clown from the Tiller troupe, a speciality comedy act. Made by the Tiller family circa 1870 to 1890.

Production Note

It is impossible to identify the precise maker of this marionette since the company made, altered and used figures throughout its career. It is possible, however, to distinguish distinct types, and therefore groups, made by different makers, due to the type of carving. The carver of this object has been distinguished as Maker C.

Materials

Wood; Silk; String; Cotton; Wool yarn

Techniques

Carved; Sewn; Sewn; Stuffed; Knitted; Painted

Categories

Entertainment & Leisure

Production Type

Unique

Collection

Theatre and Performance Collection

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