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Hat
  • Hat
    Balenciaga, Cristóbal, born 1895 - died 1972
  • Enlarge image

Hat

  • Place of origin:

    France (designed)

  • Date:

    ca. 1960 (designed)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Balenciaga, Cristóbal, born 1895 - died 1972 (designer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    black organza and black cotton

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Mrs. Edgar Wind

  • Museum number:

    T.857-2000

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

‘Balenciaga’s hats are an integral part of his fashion,’ reported the French fashion review Jardin des modes in 1961. They ensure ‘that volumes are balanced and the silhouette is perfectly finished off.’ Fairly conventional ensembles were often paired with a striking hat which lifted the whole look and made it appear more avant-garde. The client could buy the whole ensemble or leave the hat if it was too daring. The designs for hats were as fiercely protected as those for dresses. The police commissioner stamped the official sketches of the hats to protect them from being copied.

Physical description

Round hat formed of black silk organza tubes sewn onto a black net supporting structure, secured with black band. The top layer of organza tubes hang loose from the top, adding volume to the shape of the hat.

Place of Origin

France (designed)

Date

ca. 1960 (designed)

Artist/maker

Balenciaga, Cristóbal, born 1895 - died 1972 (designer)

Materials and Techniques

black organza and black cotton

Dimensions

Circumference: 50 cm approx., Diameter: 17 cm approx., Diameter: 17 cm minimum, approx., Diameter: 28 cm maximum, approx., Height: 17 cm approx.

Object history note

Given by Margaret Wind (1915-2006), widow of Professor Edgar Wind (1900-1971), along with three other Balenciaga hats (nos. T.858-2000, T.859-2000, T.860-2000), two pairs of Parisian shoes by Georgette (T.861-2000 and T.862-2000) and a cream linen suit, with brown chiffon scarf by Balenciaga (T.862:1-3-2000). The labels had evidently removed from five garments and they are now in envelopes in the Registration File (2000/634). In correspondence with the V&A curators, Mrs Wind wrote: 'the exquisite atmosphere of 10 Avenue George V is unforgettable' (Wind to Valerie Mendes, Oxford, 29 November 1998) and a friend writing on her behalf two years later noted: 'she [Mrs Wind] is keenly aware of the distinctive and intelligent character of Balenciaga's work, and is happy that his rôle continues to be understood.'

Born Margaret Kellner in Rochester, New York, Mrs Wind was the daughter of the German physicist G. A. Hermann Kellner and his wife Margarethe, née Goetze, who had emigrated to the United States. After obtaining a B.A. in Art History at the University of Rochester in 1937, she moved to Mills College in California where she met her future husband. She subsequently became his Research Assistant at the Institue of Fine Arts, University of New York in 1940. They married in May 1942 and between then and his appointment at Oxford, they moved from Chicago, where her husband was professor of art at the University of Chicago (1942-44), to Northampton, Massachusetts where he was appointed Neilson research professor at Smith College and then professor of philosophy and art (1944-54). He went on to serve as first Professor of the History oF Art at Oxford University (1955-67). After his death in 1971, Mrs Wind became his literary executrix, dedicating more than 30 years to advocating for his legacy in Oxford. Her donations, together with funding secured from the Louise Crane Foundation, went into the Wind Benefaction, which helped to fund work on Edgar Wind's private and scholarly papers, research on his life and work, and new editions and translations of his publications. She also took a leading role in the establishment of the Wind Room, which opened at the Sackler Library in 2001 and houses the collection of books that Edgar Wind had acquired for the History of Art Library during his tenure. Photographs in the Wind collection reveal that the Winds were in Paris in the 1960s.
Source: http://www.bodley.ox.ac.uk/dept/scwmss/wmss/online/modern/wind/wind.html [accessed 14 May 2018]

Descriptive line

Round hat formed from black silk organza sewn into tubes. Balenciaga, Paris, ca.1960

Production Note

Reason For Production: Retail

Materials

Organza; Cotton

Techniques

Hand sewn

Categories

Europeana Fashion Project

Production Type

Haute couture

Collection

Textiles and Fashion Collection

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