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manuscript cutting

  • Object:

    Manuscript cutting

  • Place of origin:

    Umbria (Umbria (historical region) assigned by Mirella Levi D'Ancona, made)

  • Date:

    14th century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Water-based pigments, burnished gold (gold paint that has been polished to shine) and mosaic gold (an imnitation gold pigment consisting of tin disulphide), and ink on parchment (animal skin that have been treated to receive writing or images).

  • Museum number:

    1493

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level E, case I, shelf 77

This leaf (cutting) is from an Italian Missal (a service book containing the texts necessary for the performance of the Mass). It contains a historiated initial (an initial with a recognizable figure of scene contained within) 'I' with the figure of St. John the Evangelist.

Physical description

Leaf from a Missal probably made in Umbria in ca. mid-late 14th century. Double-sided. Text written in black ink in Southern Gothic textualis script. Colour pigments, gold leaf, and ink.

This leaf introduces the text from the Gospel of John used during Passion week (the liturgical period leading up to Easter Sunday that remembers Christ's suffering).

Two columns of text with a historiated initial on the upper left column. Delicate foliate acanthus leaves comprise the marginalia (writing or decoration in the margins of a manuscript) which extends upwards and across the upper border and extends downwards from the initial.

Place of Origin

Umbria (Umbria (historical region) assigned by Mirella Levi D'Ancona, made)

Date

14th century (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Water-based pigments, burnished gold (gold paint that has been polished to shine) and mosaic gold (an imnitation gold pigment consisting of tin disulphide), and ink on parchment (animal skin that have been treated to receive writing or images).

Dimensions

Height: 365 mm Whole leaf, Width: 255 mm Whole leaf

Object history note

This leaf is from an Italian Missal probably made in Umbria in ca. mid-late 14th century. The text (both sides) is written in Southern Gothic textualis script.

The smaller size of the script and initial, and the lack of music suggest that this folio (a sheet of writing material; from the Latin for 'leaf') comes from a manuscript (a book written by hand) likely intended to be read from a closer distance, not from further away by a choir.

Initials
Recto: Pink historiated intial 'I' decorated with orange and blue foliate medallions highlighted with burnished gold. The figure of St. John stands beside the initial and above his apsotlic emblem: the eagle. The initial is placed agaisnt a blue background.

Verso: no initials

Decoration
Recto:
Foliate tendril painted in orange, pink, and blue pigment are highlighted with both burnished and mosaic gold. Mosiac gold frames the blue background of the historiated intial.

Verso: no decoration

Text
Recto: Gospel of John, used during Passion Week
'In illo tempore: Egressus est Jesus cum disciplis suis trans torrentem Cedon'

Descriptive line

Leaf from a Missal with a hsitoriated initial I with St John the Evangelist; Italian; 14th century

Materials

Parchment; Pigments; Ink; Gold leaf

Techniques

Illumination

Categories

Religion; Christianity; Manuscripts; Manuscript cutting; Medieval and renaissance

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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