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Manuscript cutting - Leaf  for a Mass during the Passion of Christ from a Missal
  • Leaf for a Mass during the Passion of Christ from a Missal
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Leaf for a Mass during the Passion of Christ from a Missal

  • Object:

    Manuscript cutting

  • Place of origin:

    Umbria (Historical region assigned by Mirella Levi D'Ancona, made)

  • Date:

    14th century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Colour pigments, burnished gold leaf and ink on parchment (animal skin prepared to receive writing or images).

  • Museum number:

    1494

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level E, case I, shelf 77

This leaf (cutting) is from a Missal (a service book containing the texts necessary for the performance of the Mass together with ceremonial directions)

Physical description

Leaf, from a Missal, that introduced a Mass celebrated during the Passion of Christ (during the week before Easter) probably made in Umbria, ca. mid-late 14th century. Double-sided. Text written in black ink with red rubrics (a title, chapter heading, or instruction that is not strictly part of the text but helps to identify it). Colour pigments, gold leaf, andf ink.

This leaf introduces the text from the Gospel of St. Mark (14:1), whcih is the first part of the history of the Passion of Christ; used during Holy Week (the week before Easter Sunday).

Two columns of text, written in Southern Gothic Textualis script, are separated with the historiated initial in the left margin. Winding marginalia (wirings or decorations in the margins of a manuscript) composed of foliate forms, painted in coloured pigments and burnished gold leaf (gold paint that has been polished to shine) descend and extend from the initial.

Recto: One historiated initial 'I' shows St. Mark standing beside the opening line of the text from his gospel. His right hand is raised in a blessing gesture as he looks out at the viewer. He stands atop a lion, which is his Evangelical symbol - this futher helps to identify him.

Verso: Two text columns written in black ink (in Southern Gothic Textualis script) with red rubrics. One red initial 'P' with blue penwork (fine, linear embelishment). One blue initial 'A' with red penwork. One red initial 'O' with blue penwork. One blue initial 'I' with red penwork.

Place of Origin

Umbria (Historical region assigned by Mirella Levi D'Ancona, made)

Date

14th century (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Colour pigments, burnished gold leaf and ink on parchment (animal skin prepared to receive writing or images).

Dimensions

Height: 360 mm leaf, Width: 255 mm

Object history note

This leaf is from an Italian Missal probably made in Umbria around the mid-late 14th century. The text, on both sides, is written in Southern Gothic Textualis script. The small size of the script and initials, and the lack of music suggest that this folio comes from a manuscript likely intended to be read from a closer distance, not from further away by a choir.

Intials
Recto: Pink historiated initial 'I' accented with white filigree decoration is encased against a blue background that acts like a frame. Lush acanthus leaves curl and extend out from both the top and bottom of the initial. Burnished gold is used as decorative accents.

Verso: Red initial 'P' with blue penwork. Blue initial 'A' with red penwork. Red initial 'O' with blue penwork. Blue initial 'I; with red penwork.

Decoration
Recto: Foliate marginalia fills the left border for the entire length of the left text column.

Text
Recto: Mark 14:1 - The first part of the hsitory of the Passion of Christ
'In illo tempore: erat [autem] pascha et azyma post biduum. Et qu[a]erebant summi sacredotes et scribe...'

Verso: Introit (the choral sung at the beginning of the Mass, originally during the entry) Fer. 3 Maj. Tuesday of Holy Week
'Nos autem gloriari oportet in cruce. Domini nostri Jesu Christi'

Descriptive line

Leaf for a Mass during the Passion of Christ from a Missal; Italian 14th century.

Materials

Parchment; Pigments; Ink; Gold leaf

Techniques

Illumination

Categories

Religion; Christianity; Manuscripts; Medieval and renaissance; Manuscript cutting

Production Type

Unique

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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