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Crucifix

Crucifix

  • Place of origin:

    Japan (made)

  • Date:

    1600-1650

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Gilded copper alloy with black lacquer detailing.

  • Museum number:

    168A-1866

  • Gallery location:

    Japan, Room 45, The Toshiba Gallery, case 3

This reliquary probably belonged to one of the many thousands of Japanese who were converted to Christianity. The front depicts The Crucifixion, while the back shows the Virgin Mary. When Christianity was banned in the early 1600s, Japanese believers were forced to renounce their faith or be executed. The few who survived and remained faithful practised in secret.

Physical description

Reliquary depicting The Crucifixion at the front, and Virgin Mary at the back.

Place of Origin

Japan (made)

Date

1600-1650

Artist/maker

Unknown (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Gilded copper alloy with black lacquer detailing.

Dimensions

Height: 140 mm, Width: 108 mm

Descriptive line

Met, Japan, RITUAL OBJECTS MISC
Crucifix reliquary depicting The Crucifixion at the front and Virgin Mary at the back; gilded copper alloy and black lacquer; Japan, 1600-50.

Labels and date

Crucifix reliquary
1600–50

This reliquary probably belonged to one of the many thousands of Japanese who were converted to Christianity. The front depicts The Crucifixion, while the back shows the Virgin Mary. When Christianity was banned in the early 1600s, Japanese believers were forced to renounce their faith or be executed. The few who survived and remained faithful practised in secret.

Gilded copper alloy with black lacquer detailing (sawasa)
Museum no. 168A-1866 [04/11/2015]

Categories

Religion; Christianity; Lacquerware

Collection

East Asia Collection

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