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Cup

  • Place of origin:

    Cambay (made)

  • Date:

    1800-1895 (made)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Agate, cut and polished using abrasives and abrasive-charged tools, most probably fashioned using a bow-driven lathe.

  • Credit Line:

    W. H. Cope Bequest

  • Museum number:

    735-1903

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

The cup was made in Cambay (Khambhat), India in the 19th century with most of the fashioning process involving a combination of hand-working and turning on a bow-driven lathe. Although agate is a tough and durable material, when it is worked to a fine edge or thickness it is vulnerable to damage when subjected to stress or impact.
Khambhat is situated at the northern end of the Gulf of Khambhat and was once an important trading centre for the region but this has waned as the harbour silted up. Despite having no stone deposits of its own, Khambhat is renowned for the craft of agate-working and especially bead-making, with the raw materials coming from more distant sources.

Physical description

A cup of circular form with a wall of even thickness and having a short foot with a concave recess and a flared rim. It has been skillfully fashioned in translucent, brown agate with occasional darker markings and it has a very fine polish. There is a short crack situated centrally in the base.

Place of Origin

Cambay (made)

Date

1800-1895 (made)

Materials and Techniques

Agate, cut and polished using abrasives and abrasive-charged tools, most probably fashioned using a bow-driven lathe.

Dimensions

Diameter: 98.60 to 99.85 mm 735-1903, Height: 41.5 to 43.1 mm 735-1903, Depth: 35.3 to 35.6 mm 735-1903, Thickness: 1.3 to 2.2 mm 735-1903, Diameter: 43.8 to 44.1 mm 735-1903, Depth: 5.8 to 6.0 mm 735-1903

Object history note

This cup was fashioned in Cambay (Khambhat), India in the 19th century. It was acquired by William Henry Cope Esq. who valued it, together with a second similar cup, at £22-1s. He bequeathed it to the museum in 1903.

Descriptive line

Cup, circular, short foot with a concave recess and a flared rim, translucent brown agate, Cambay India, 19th century

Materials

Agate

Categories

Drinking; Food vessels & Tableware; Gemstones; Hardstone

Collection

South & South East Asia Collection

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