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Sculpture - Parshvanatha


  • Object:


  • Place of origin:

    Mathura (made)

  • Date:

    2nd century (made)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Carved red mottled sandstone

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Physical description

Head of Parshvanatha, the 23rd Jain Tirthankara or Jina, protected by the seven-headed Naga (cobra) hood. Carved in high relief in the characteristic mottled red sandstone of Mathura. The head has been broken away from a full-length figure of the Jina, at the level of the neck. The head has a round, beardless face, long-lobed ears, and smooth cap-like hair. The sevenfold snake hood (Seshaphani) is that of the Yaksha Dharanendra, and on top of each of the heads is a symbol, one or two of which are those of earlier Tirthankaras (Swastika, Thunderbolt and Lotus(?) ).

Place of Origin

Mathura (made)


2nd century (made)

Materials and Techniques

Carved red mottled sandstone


Width: L 21 cm, Height: 15.5 cm

Object history note

Purchased from Imre Schwaiger, Esq, a well-known dealer based in Delhi.

Descriptive line

The Jina Parshvanatha, sculpture, red sandstone, Mathura, C2.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

p. 97, no. 6.
Barnard, Nick, Arts of Asia, Vol. no. 46, no 1, "The Jain Collections at the Victoria and Albert Museum". January-February 2016
No. 55
Haworth-Booth, Mark; Indian Sculpture: A Travelling Exhibition, Victoria & Albert Museum, London, 1971





Subjects depicted

Snake; Jain


Jain; Sculpture; Religion


South & South East Asia Collection

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