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Specimens

  • Place of origin:

    Cambay (made)

  • Date:

    c. 1900 (made)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Agate, bloodstone, fossilised palm wood, labradorite, rutilated quartz and jadeite, cut and polished using abrasives.

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Mrs. Burney

  • Museum number:

    IM.46:1 to 17-1909

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

These cabochons and plaques were fashioned in the Indian town of Khambhat (Cambay) and consist of agates and other so-called "Cambay Stones" (bloodstone, fossilised palm wood, labradorite, rutilated quartz and jadeite). The town, situated at the northern end of the Gulf of Khambhat, was once an important trading centre for the region but this has waned as the harbour silted up. Despite having no stone deposits of its own, Khambhat is renowned for the craft of agate-working and especially bead-making, with the raw materials coming from more distant sources.
Some of these would have been intended for jewellery, while others were burnishers used by artists or jewellers.

Physical description

Cabochons of various sizes, shapes and colours.

Place of Origin

Cambay (made)

Date

c. 1900 (made)

Materials and Techniques

Agate, bloodstone, fossilised palm wood, labradorite, rutilated quartz and jadeite, cut and polished using abrasives.

Dimensions

Length: 49.6 mm IM.46:1-1909, Width: 34.3 mm IM.46:1-1909, Height: 5.7 mm IM.46:1-1909, Length: 35.0 mm IM.46:3-1909, Width: 23.9 mm IM.46:3-1909, Thickness: 3.5 mm IM.46:3-1909, Length: 27.8 mm IM.46:5-1909, Width: 24.25 mm IM.46:5-1909, Thickness: 2.0 mm IM.46:5-1909, Length: 27.2 mm IM.46:8-1909, Width: 22.2 mm IM.46:8-1909, Height: 4.15 mm IM.46:8-1909, Length: 18.75 mm IM.46:12-1909, Width: 16.7 mm IM.46:12-1909, Height: 8.8 mm IM.46:12-1909, Length: 12.6 mm IM.46:13-1909, Width: 11.6 mm IM.46:13-1909, Thickness: 1.9 mm IM.46:13-1909, Length: 10.2 mm IM.46:15-1909, Width: 9.7 mm IM.46:15-1909, Height: 6.1 mm IM.46:15-1909, Length: 58.5 mm IM.46:17-1909, Width: 17.3 mm IM.46:17-1909, Height: 5.2 mm IM.46:17-1909

Object history note

These cabochons are from Cambay (Khambhat) in Bombay Presidency and were acquired in the early 1900s. They were kindly donated by Mrs. Burney of Bayswater in 1909.

Descriptive line

Collection of seventeen cabochons and plaques in a range of shapes, sizes and colours, mostly agates, Cambay India, c. 1900

Materials

Agate; Bloodstone; Fossilised palm wood; Jadeite; Jasper-agate; Labradorite; Moss agate

Categories

Gemstones; Hardstone; Jewellery; Plaques & Plaquettes

Collection

South & South East Asia Collection

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