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Drawing - River scene

River scene

  • Object:


  • Place of origin:

    Calcutta (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1825 (painted)

  • Artist/Maker:


  • Materials and Techniques:

    Watercolour on paper

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

The pictures made by Indian artists for the British in India are called Company paintings. Lieutenant-Colonel Gilbert, later Lieutenant-General Sir Walter Raleigh Gilbert, first Baronet, GCB, commissioned this one. He went to India with the 15th Native Infantry in 1801. At the time this painting was made, he was Commandant of the Ramgarh Battalion based at Hazaribagh (Bihar) from 1822 to 1828. Gilbert belonged to a circle that was intensely interested in painting. Sir Charles D'Oyly, the skilled amateur artist and later patron of Indian artists in Patna, was married to his sister-in-law.
Gilbert and his wife owned a number of standard sets of Company paintings. They also made a collection documenting their life in Hazaribagh and Sambhalpur, of which this is an example. The artist was perhaps of Murshidabad ancestry. Gilbert may have paid him a private retainer fee. However, it is more likely that he was a survey draughtsman in Company employment. He probably accompanied Gilbert officially on his various assignments and executed private commissions from time to time.

Physical description

A watercolour of a river scene, with great rock at Udaipur (Eastern States).

Place of Origin

Calcutta (made)


ca. 1825 (painted)



Materials and Techniques

Watercolour on paper

Marks and inscriptions

1. devanagari: Udaiopur; View of the Rock of Oudeypore
2. Oudeepore
Inscription; decoration; English; Roman; on front in pencil; on back in ink.


Height: 50 cm, Width: 67.5 cm

Descriptive line

Drawing; watercolour, River scene, Calcutta, ca. 1825

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Archer, Mildred. Company Paintings Indian Paintings of the British period
Victoria and Albert Museum Indian Series London: Victoria and Albert Museum, Maplin Publishing, 1992, 100 p ISBN 0944142303


Watercolour; Paper




Indian Company Paintings; Paintings


South & South East Asia Collection

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