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tile

  • Object:

    Tile

  • Place of origin:

    Kashmir (probably, made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1650 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    cuerda seca glazed earthenware

  • Museum number:

    CIRC.1284-1923

  • Gallery location:

    Ceramics, Room 137, The Curtain Foundation Gallery, case WN

This Mughal glazed earthenware tile is one of a group acquired in 1923 from Mr Frederick H. Andrews. He had been living in Srinagar as Director of the Technical Institute of Kashmir and wrote to the museum in 1922 offering to sell his collection before he left that year to return to the UK. The tiles are said to have come from the tomb of Madani (Sayyid Muhammad al-Madani) near But Kadal in Srinagar, Kashmir. The building dates from the mid-fifteenth century, but a new gateway to the tomb and adjacent mosque was constructed by order of Shah Jahan, probably in about 1640. The gateway was originally covered with glazed tiles. The gateway was already in ruined condition in 1907 when it was surveyed by the Archaeological Survey of India, with relatively few of the tiles in place.

Physical description

Rectangular earthenware tile, glazed in cuerda seca technique with a section of a larger motif, consisting of flowers in a baluster-shaped vase within a cartouche. Here, the flowers include irises, and are in manganese purple, orange, ivory and turquoise with pale green stems and leaves, on a yellow ground. The vase is orange and patterned with an arabesque in manganese purple and ivory.

Place of Origin

Kashmir (probably, made)

Date

ca. 1650 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

cuerda seca glazed earthenware

Dimensions

Height: 21.8 cm maximum, Width: 20.6 cm, Depth: 2.4 cm

Object history note

This tile is one of a group of 63 acquired in 1923 from Mr Frederick H. Andrews. He had been living in Srinagar where he had been Director of the Technical Institute of Kashmir and wrote to the museum in 1922 offering to sell his collection before he left that year to return to the UK. The tiles are said to have come from the tomb of Madani (ie Syed Muhammad al-Madani) near But Kadal in Srinagar, Kashmir. The building dates from the mid-fifteenth century, but a new gateway to the tomb and adjacent mosque was constructed in Shah Jahan's time. It was originally decorated with tiles, almost all of which have become detached from the structure. The tiles were probably made locally.

Descriptive line

Architecture, glazed ceramic, possibly Kashmir, ca. 1640-50

Materials

Earthenware (red); Enamel paint

Techniques

Cuerda seca

Subjects depicted

Vases; Flowers

Categories

Ceramics

Collection

South & South East Asia Collection

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