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Radha

  • Object:

    Painting

  • Place of origin:

    Basohli (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1660 - ca. 1670 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Painted in opaque watercolour on paper

  • Museum number:

    IS.48-1953

  • Gallery location:

    South Asia, Room 41, case Q1

Physical description

Painting, in opaque watercolour on paper, the nayika (heroine) is here interpreted as Radha whose secret meeting place with Krishna is in danger of being revealed; the tree outside her house is to be cut down as per the instructions of her suspicious husband. Radha snatches the axe from the hands of a bewildered boy and throws it into a pond to prevent him from carrying out the orders. In the absence of the husband, Krishna sits indoors in a luxuriously decorated chamber calmly watching the scene outside.
Chocolate brown background with, at the top, a streak of sky. Pavilion with grey pillars and pale blue inner wall with three alcoves containing golden vessels, the centre one with two apples. At the bottom a dark green plinth, with projecting shape, perhaps a simplified version of a 'monster-head'. This is an architectural type which became common in painting of the hill-regions.

Place of Origin

Basohli (made)

Date

ca. 1660 - ca. 1670 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Painted in opaque watercolour on paper

Marks and inscriptions

'kria vidagdha'
'the act of the resourceful mistress'
written in Takri at top of object

'23'
written in Takri on left border

[Rasamanjari verse]
'In the winter season, her husband having told the servant to cut the ber tree, the doe-eyed nayika dropped the axe in the water'

Sanskrit; translation by Randhawa and Bhambri (1967)

Dimensions

Width: 275 mm, Height: 235 mm with border, Width: 330 mm with border, Height: 180 mm

Object history note

From the collection of Mr. Michael Rothenstein; IS.46 to 73-1953 were purchased for £300.

Descriptive line

Painting, Radha throws axe into pond, Rasamanjari illustration, opaque watercolour on paper, Basohli, ca. 1660-1670

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

p. 36, cat. no. 4 vi
Indian paintings from the Punjab Hills : a survey and history of Pahari miniature painting / by W. G. Archer ; foreword by Sherman E. Lee. London :Delhi: Sotheby Parke Bernet ;Oxford University Press, 1973 Number: 0856670022
p. 124, cat. no. 108
Swallow, D., Stronge, S., Crill, R., Koezuka, T., editor and translator, "The Art of the Indian Courts. Miniature Painting and Decorative Arts", Victoria & Albert Museum and NHK Kinki Media Plan, 1993.
p. 124, cat. no. 108
Swallow, D., Stronge, S., Crill, R., Koezuka, T., editor and translator, "The Art of the Indian Courts. Miniature Painting and Decorative Arts", Victoria & Albert Museum and NHK Kinki Media Plan, 1993.
p. 79
Ayers, J. Oriental Art in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London 1983, ISBN 0-85667-120-7

Materials

Opaque watercolour; Paper; Paint

Techniques

Painted

Subjects depicted

Axe; Deity; Tree; Boy

Categories

Paintings; Hinduism; Religion; Bonita Trust Indian Paintings Cataloguing Project

Collection

South & South East Asia Collection

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