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Copy of Doors

  • Place of origin:

    London (Copy, made)
    London (cast)
    Pisa (Original, made)

  • Date:

    1865 (made)
    ca. 1865 (cast)
    1180 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Bonanus of Pisa (made)
    Giovanni Franchi and Son (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Electrotype

  • Museum number:

    REPRO.1865-58

  • Gallery location:

    Cast Courts, The Ruddock Family Cast Court, Room 46A, case WN

In 1865, Giovanni Franchi made a copy of the original cast bronze doors from Pisa Cathedral through a process called electrotyping. This uses electricity
to deposit copper particles into a mould, creating
a three-dimensional impression of an object.
The Museum commissioned the copies of the doors to record what are rare survivals of the work of Bonanus of Pisa, a 12th-century Italian sculptor.
The electrotypes were coated with copper sulphate to mimic the bronze finish of the originals.

Physical description

Electrotype coy of the 'Porta di San Ranieri' bronze doors in the south transept of the Cathedral of Pisa. Starting at the bottom the scenes read from left to right; a row of Prophets, the Annunciation, the Visitation, the Nativity and the Annunciation to the Shepherds, the Journey of the Magi, the Presentation, the Flight into Egypt, the Massacre of the Innocents, the Baptism, the Temptation, the Transfiguration, the Raising of Lazarus, the Entry into Jerusalem, the Washing of the Feet of the Disciples, the Last Supper, the Betrayal, the Crucifixion, the Descent into Hell, the Maries at the Sepulchre, the Ascension, the Death of the Virgin, Christ enthroned between Angels, and the Virgin enthroned between Angels.

Place of Origin

London (Copy, made)
London (cast)
Pisa (Original, made)

Date

1865 (made)
ca. 1865 (cast)
1180 (made)

Artist/maker

Bonanus of Pisa (made)
Giovanni Franchi and Son (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Electrotype

Dimensions

Height: 167.5 cm, Width: 290 cm

Object history note

Electrotype copy of the Porta di San Ranieri doors on the south transept of Pisa Cathedral, created in bronze in about 1180 by Bonanus of Pisa. The copy was created by Giovanni Franchi and Son in about 1865 and is made from bronzed copper. The Museum commissioned the copies and these were purchased from Messrs Franchi & Sons in 1865 for £550.

Historical context note

Starting at the bottom the scenes read from left to right; a row of Prophets, the Annunciation, the Visitation, the Nativity and the Annunciation to the Shepherds, the Journey of the Magi, the Presentation, the Flight into Egypt, the Massacre of the Innocents, the Baptism, the Temptation, the Transfiguration, the Raising of Lazarus, the Entry into Jerusalem, the Washing of the Feet of the Disciples, the Last Supper, the Betrayal, the Crucifixion, the Descent into Hell, the Maries at the Sepulchre, the Ascension, the Death of the Virgin, Christ enthroned between Angels, and the Virgin enthroned between Angels.

Descriptive line

Electrotype copy of the Porta di San Ranierei doors from Pisa Cathedral, depicting scenes from the Life of Christ. Made by Giovanni Franchi and Son, about 1865.

Labels and date

Electrotypes of
Bonanus of Pisa
Porta di San Ranieri, Depicting Scenes from
the Life of Christ
About 1180

In 1865, Giovanni Franchi made a copy of the original cast bronze doors from Pisa Cathedral through a process called electrotyping. This uses electricity
to deposit copper particles into a mould, creating
a three-dimensional impression of an object.
The Museum commissioned the copies of the doors to record what are rare survivals of the work of Bonanus of Pisa, a 12th-century Italian sculptor.
The electrotypes were coated with copper sulphate to mimic the bronze finish of the originals.
Electrotypes
Giovanni Franchi and Son
About 1865
Bronzed copper
London
Museum no. Repro.1865-58
Original
Bronze
Pisa, Italy
Pisa Cathedral (south transept) []
Electrotypes of
Bonanus of Pisa
Porta di San Ranieri, Depicting Scenes from
the Life of Christ
About 1180

In 1865, Giovanni Franchi made a copy of the original cast bronze doors from Pisa Cathedral through a process called electrotyping. This uses electricity to deposit copper particles into a mould, creating a three-dimensional impression of an object. The Museum commissioned the copies of the doors to record what are rare survivals of the work of Bonanus of Pisa, a 12th-century Italian sculptor. The electrotypes were coated with copper sulphate to mimic the bronze finish of the originals.

Electrotypes
Giovanni Franchi and Son
About 1865
Bronzed copper
London
Museum no. Repro.1865-58

Original
Bronze
Pisa, Italy
Pisa Cathedral (south transept) [04/07/2018]
This is an electrotype of doors, in bronze, known as the 'Porta di San Ranieri', executed by Bonanus of Pisa, now in the south transept of the Cathedral of Pisa.

yspark []

Materials

Bronzed copper

Techniques

Electrotype

Categories

Ph_survey; Sculpture; Cast Courts; Copies

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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