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Child's labour certificate - LABOUR CERTIFICATE, No.1(a)


  • Object:

    Child's labour certificate

  • Place of origin:

    England (made)

  • Date:

    dated 1914 (made)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Printed and hand-inscribed paper

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Mr L. Kleinman

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Physical description

Child's Labour Certificate, printed in black and red on white paper, hand-inscribed in sepia ink, and stamped in violet. The certificate, which is Board of Education Form 146a.(1) under the Employment of Children Act 1903, quotes the bye-laws of the act as a rubric in the top left hand corner, stipulating that no Child under fourteen years of age might be legally be employed in any occupation before 6 am or after 8 pm; for more than 9½ hours on one day; or on a Sunday, but that an exception was made for children employed under the factory and Workshop Act. The certificate is headed "SCHEDULE III/ Local Education Authority---Leeds---/ LABOUR CERTIFICATE, No.1(a) (for total exemption after 13 years of age).", and is divided into two parallel sections, both stamped with the signature of James Graham, a Local Education Authority officer. The left-hand one gives the holder's name (Annie Waggonheim), address (50 Regent Street) and birthdate (11/10/1901), and certifies that she is not less than thirteen years old acording to her birth certificate (see B.22-1995) or statutory declaration. The right-hand section certifies that she has made 350 attendances in not more than two schools during each year for five preceding years, and gives 'Darley St C School' (Darley Street Council School) as the school in which the attendances were made.

Place of Origin

England (made)


dated 1914 (made)

Materials and Techniques

Printed and hand-inscribed paper

Marks and inscriptions

(see below)


Height: 21.25 cm, Width: 33.5 cm

Object history note

See also B.22-1995 (copy birth certificate)
Issued to the donor's mother (née Annie Waggonheim on 11/10/1901). Under the Employment of Children Act 1903, a child needed to obtain such a certificate (by passing a certain grade standard in school work) before being able to leave school and commence employment.

Descriptive line

Child's labour certificate; English, dated 1914

Production Note

Made by: Leeds Education Authority


Children & Childhood; Education & Learning


Museum of Childhood

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