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Pendant

  • Place of origin:

    Bavaria (made)

  • Date:

    1800-1870 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Silver, partly gilded, enclosing a gilded coin

  • Museum number:

    95-1872

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

After the prolonged and destructive Thirty Years War of 1618-48, Europe split into a Catholic south and a Protestant north. This led to a massive expansion in the use of religious imagery in the Catholic area. Many rulers added saints to their coinage, and coins carrying the image of Mary, often, as here, portrayed as the specific patron and protector of the region, became popular as talismans. These Mariamünzen, or Mary coins, were often gilded and set in pendants, like this one.

Physical description

Religious pendant, consisting of a silver thaler coin, gilded on the front, of Maximilian Joseph of Bavaria, dated 1775, set in a chain mount. The reverse side, with an image of the Virgin and the words 'PATRONA BAVARIAE' (patron of Bavaria) forms the front of the pendant. The coin hangs by chains from an openwork stamped crown, with a large suspension loop above it. A gilded pendant Maltese cross hangs from the lower edge, between two gilded acorns, and there is a gilded heart suspended between the two chains at the top.

Place of Origin

Bavaria (made)

Date

1800-1870 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Silver, partly gilded, enclosing a gilded coin

Marks and inscriptions

'PATRONA BAVARIAE'
Patron of Bavaria
On reverse of coin.

Dimensions

Length: 10.5 cm, Width: 4.1 cm, Depth: 1.0 cm

Descriptive line

Silver pendant, partly gilded, enclosing a thaler coin dated 1775, Bavaria (Germany), 1800-1870.

Materials

Silver; Silver-gilt

Subjects depicted

Crown; Cross; Acorn; Heart

Categories

Jewellery; Metalwork; Christianity; Traditional jewellery (Europe); Coins & Medals

Collection

Metalwork Collection

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