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  • Place of origin:

    St Petersburg (The town mark on the base is similar to that used by Moscow (1700 and 1710) and St Petersburg (1714), but does not correspond exactly to either.)

  • Date:

    1700 - 1714 (made)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Silver, raised, cast, engraved.

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    Europe 1600-1815, Room 5, The Friends of the V&A Gallery, case CA1

Physical description

Cylindrical, lidded tankard with three feet in the form of pomegranates. Yellowish patches on the surface of the tankard suggest the silver is low-grade with a high copper content. Analysis confirmed this.

Place of Origin

St Petersburg (The town mark on the base is similar to that used by Moscow (1700 and 1710) and St Petersburg (1714), but does not correspond exactly to either.)


1700 - 1714 (made)

Materials and Techniques

Silver, raised, cast, engraved.

Marks and inscriptions

Marked on the underside of the tankard:
A double-headed eagle beneath a six-pointed star, in an octagonal punch. Similar to the town mark of Moscow for the period 1700-1714 (see Postnikova-Losseva, Platonova and Ulianova: 1983, no. 1935) and the town mark of St Petersburg for the year 1714 (Postnikova-Losseva, Platonova and Ulianova: 1983, no. 1132; Watts and Perrott: 2006, p. 57).

Maker's mark 'HV' (or Cyrillic 'PN or 'LN') in an oval punch, unidentified.

Set into the centre of the lid of the tankard, a silver 'thaler' (coin) of 1623, the obverse depicts the Virgin of the Apocalypse, and inscribed around the rim in Latin:
'CLYPEVS OMNIBVS IN TE SPERANTIBVS' ('Shield to all who place their hope in you')
The reverse of the coin bears the arms of the Dukedom of Bavaria, above these an imperial crown, below them the insignia of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Inscribed around the rim, in Latin:
MAXIMIL[ianus]. COM[es]. PAL[alatinus] . RH[eni] . VT . BAV[ariae] . DVX . S[acrum] . R[omani] . I [mperium]. ARCIDAP[ifer]. ET. ELECTOR
('Maximilian Count Palatine of the Rhine, Duke of Bavaria, Chief Royal Carver and Elector of the Holy Roman Empire')
Below, the date '1623'

Engraved on the front of the tankard, two mongrams, each repeated and reversed. These may possibly be deciphered as 'PYK' and 'EAB'. Above these, a coronet; below them, the date '1705'.


height: 19.5 cm base to top of thumb-piece, width: 20 cm Handle across to rim approximate, depth: 15 cm across feet at base approximate

Descriptive line

Silver, set on three feet in the form of pomegranates, the lid thumb-piece in the form of two entwined pomegranates. A silver 'Thaler' (coin) of 1623 is set into the centre of the lid; the side of the tankard engraved with a coronet above two monograms (perhaps 'PYK' and 'EAEX').

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Postnikova-Losseva, M. M., N. G. Platonova and B. L. Ulianova. L'orfèvrerie et la bijouterie au XV - XX ss [Territoire de l'URSS]. Moscow: Nauka, 1983.
Watts, Geoffrey. Russian Silversmiths' Hallmarks 1700-1917, ed. by George Perrott. Bath: Gemini Publications, 2006. ISBN 0953063771
Davenport, John S. German Secular Talers 1600-1700. Frankfurt am Main: Schulten, 1976. ISBN 3921302129.
Hahn-Zelleke, Adelheid. Die Münzen der baierischen Kurfüsten 1623-1806 mit Typenkatalog und Bewertungen. Teil 1a (6a der gesamten Folge): Die baierischen Münzen des Kurfüsten Maximilian I. (1623-51/54). In: money trend 6 (2006). pp. 108-120.
Lightbown, R. W. Catalogue of Scandinavian and Baltic Silver. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1975. ISBN 0901486655
Sympson, Samuel. A new book of cyphers. London: Printed for J. Bowles and Son, 1736.
Boesen, Gudmund and Chr. A. Bøje. Old Danish silver. Copenhagen: Hassing, 1949.
Frąckowska, Anna. Gdańsk silver tankards of the 17th and 18th centuries : typology, styles, iconography [translation Marcin Turski]. Warsaw: Arx Regia - Ośrodek Wydawniczy Zamku Królewskiego, 2013. ISBN 9788370221973

Schroder, Timothy. British and Continental Gold and Silver in the Ashmolean Museum. 3 vols. Oxford: Ashmolean Museum, 2009. ISBN 9781854442208




Metalwork Collection

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