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Cap (headgear)

Cap (headgear)

  • Place of origin:

    Egypt (made)

  • Date:

    ca. AD1250-1500 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Woven silk and linen, paper, fibre, gilded leather

  • Museum number:

    46-1899

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

A head cap of woven silk and linen. Egyptian, Possibly Mamluk, ca. AD1250-1500. From a tomb. The cap is comprised of a skull cap and a head band. The skull cap is made of six triangles of fabric sewn together. The fabric is blue silk and is quilted in geometric patterns with a blue silk thread. Decoration is achieved by design on the tips of the triangles. Five tips have six small holes forming a triangle, that are stitched with button hole stitch using blue silk. The sixth triangle has thin strips of gilded leather sewn across to form a triangle. Two strips of gilded leather runs across two of the triangles. The head band (750mm in width) has one band (30mm across) of gilded leather strips, overing the quilting. The rest of the band is decorated with quilted rows of zig-zagged diamonds that run around the cap. The lining is undyed, plain weave linen. Between the lining and the silk is a layer of paper/fibre which helps shape the quilted design. Only half the head band remains and some patches of linen have been applied in modern times to hold some of the torn edges together. Similar to 1097-1900.

Physical description

A head cap of woven silk and linen. The cap is comprised of a skull cap and a head band. The skull cap is made of six triangles of fabric sewn together. The fabric is blue silk and is quilted in geometric patterns with a blue silk thread. Decoration is achieved by design on the tips of the triangles. Five tips have six small holes forming a triangle, that are stitched with button hole stitch using blue silk. The sixth triangle has thin strips of gilded leather sewn across to form a triangle. Two strips of gilded leather runs across two of the triangles. The head band (750mm in width) has one band (30mm across) of gilded leather strips, overing the quilting. The rest of the band is decorated with quilted rows of zig-zagged diamonds that run around the cap. The lining is undyed, plain weave linen. Between the lining and the silk is a layer of paper/fibre which helps shape the quilted design. Only half the head band remains and some patches of linen have been applied in modern times to hold some of the torn edges together. Similar to 1097-1900.

Place of Origin

Egypt (made)

Date

ca. AD1250-1500 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Woven silk and linen, paper, fibre, gilded leather

Dimensions

Circumference: 640 mm approx., Length: 320 mm From one edge to the other, measuring the full extent of fabric across the skull area.

Descriptive line

A head cap of woven silk and linen. Egyptian, Possibly Mamluk, ca. AD1250-1500. Quilted with gilded leather strips.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

R. Smalley, "Late Antique and Medieval Headwear from Egypt in the Victoria and Albert Museum", British Museum Studies in ANcient Egypt and Sudan 21 (2014): 81-101

Materials

Silk; Linen; Gilt; Leather; Fibre; Paper

Techniques

Weaving; Dyeing; Sewing; Gilding; Tanning

Categories

Africa; Archaeology; Textiles; Death; Hats & headwear

Collection

Middle East Section

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