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Bowl

Bowl

  • Place of origin:

    Paris (made)

  • Date:

    1882-5 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Chaplet, Ernest, born 1835 - died 1909 (maker)
    Dammouse, Albert-Louis, born 1848 - died 1926 (decorator)
    Dammouse, E.A. (decorator)
    Haviland & Co. (manufacturer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Stoneware with glazed, enamelled and gilded decoration

  • Museum number:

    C.308-1983

  • Gallery location:

    Ceramics, Room 145, case 15, shelf 2

This stoneware vase, with its stylized pattern of leaves and blossom, enriched with gilding is in the Japanese style. The elevation of stoneware to an art medium in France followed the exhibition of traditional Japanese wares in Paris in 1878. Responding also to local vernacular wares, the potter Ernest Chaplet was among the first to explore its potential. Japanese style also prompted an altogether looser aesthetic, with an interest in organic forms, rich surface patination, and abstracted decoration.

Physical description

Brown stoneware bowl with glazed, enamelled and gilded decoration in the Japanese taste.

Place of Origin

Paris (made)

Date

1882-5 (made)

Artist/maker

Chaplet, Ernest, born 1835 - died 1909 (maker)
Dammouse, Albert-Louis, born 1848 - died 1926 (decorator)
Dammouse, E.A. (decorator)
Haviland & Co. (manufacturer)

Materials and Techniques

Stoneware with glazed, enamelled and gilded decoration

Marks and inscriptions

A circle in the form of a rosary around 'H & Co, 132, 50, 50'
makers marks impressed

'MUSÉE DES ARTS DECORATIFS EXPOSITION 1932, Ms HAVILAND' & '80/10'
paper labels

Dimensions

Height: 7.5 cm, Diameter: 12.7 cm

Object history note

Purchased from Dr Paul Tauchner, Maria-Theresia, Straße 12, D.8000, München, 80.

Historical significance: Ernest Chaplet (1835-1909), born at Sèvres, began work at the State factory at the age of 12. He became a highly skilled ceramicist working in potteries at Choisy-le-Roi and Bourg-la-Reine and then for the Limoges manufacturers, the Haviland brothers, at a new workshop in Auteuil. In 1881 Haviland provided him with a studio at rue Blomet, Vaugirard, Paris. There he developed high temperature glazes on porcelain, and on stoneware while working with AL Dammouse (1848-1926) and other collaborators. In 1886 he bought the workshop and concentrated on these glazes, as an independent potter, keeping his glazes recipes and firing temperatures a closely-guarded secret. He was regarded by his contemporaries as the consummate ceramicist. Chaplet sold the workshop to Auguste Delaherche in 1887 and moved back to Choisy-le-Roi where he specialised in porcelain.

Historical context note

The treatment of the curving foliage is very similar to the famous vase acquired by the Danish collector Salomonsen, now in the Museum of Decorative Arts, Copenhagen.

Descriptive line

Glazed, enamelled and gilded stoneware bowl by Chaplet and Dammouse, Paris ca. 1885.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Paris, Musée des Arts Décoratifs: Ernest Chaplet, catalogue, 1976
d'Albis, J.: 'Chaplet Master Potter', in Connoisseur, ?June, 1976, pp129-136
Roger-Marx: 'Souvenirs sur Ernest Chaplet'; Art et Decoration, xxvii, Jan-June, 1910, pp.89-98
D'Albis, Jean, Ernest Chaplet (Musée des Arts Decoratifs, 1976), pp. 41-6.
D'Albis, Jean, 'Chaplet Master Potter', in Connoisseur, 1976
pp.196-7, 204
Greenhalgh, Paul (Ed.), Art Nouveau: 1890-1914 . London: V&A Publications, 2000

Labels and date

BOWL

Ernest Chaplet

(1829-1909)

Maker

A. L. Dammouse

E.-A. Dammouse

Probable decorators

Paris: about 1885
Stoneware with glazed,

enamelled and gilded

decoration

C.308-1983

Chaplet, a potter much respected by his contemporaries, worked for Haviland & Co., probably from 1882, when he started a workshop at Rue Blomet, Auteuil, to develop stonewares and related glazes. Albert Louis Dammouse (1848-1926) and his brother, Edouard Alexandre, were among his most successful collaborators. Brown stoneware with decoration in the Japanese taste is a hall-mark of the Chaplet and Dammouse combined experiments, of which this bowl is probably an example. It is marked with Chaplet's insignia, a circle formed as a rosary, and the factory monogram, 'H.&C.'. []

Materials

Stoneware

Techniques

Enamelling; Gilding

Categories

Ph_survey

Collection

Ceramics Collection

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