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Crucifix - Crucifx

Crucifx

  • Object:

    Crucifix

  • Place of origin:

    Santiago de Compostela (made)

  • Date:

    1700-1800 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Jet with silver mounts

  • Museum number:

    A.21-1953

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

The prime function of jets seems to have been to signify that pilgrims had completed their journeys, and reached the shrine of St James (the patron Saint of Spain) at the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, which pilgrims did over the course of six hundred years, from the twelfth to the eighteenth century.
In structure jet is a particularly dense type of coal, and can be carved and polished. Medicinal and indeed magical qualities were thought to be inherent in the substance from earliest times. Jet is found in different parts of Europe (as well as North America), but the two richest regions are the Asturias in northern Spain, and Whitby, Yorkshire, in North East England.

Physical description

One side shows the crucified Christ, with a skull and crossed bones at his feet, and the sacred monogram (INRI) inscribed above His head. The other side is carved with the Virgin and is inscribed AR M IA.

Place of Origin

Santiago de Compostela (made)

Date

1700-1800 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Jet with silver mounts

Marks and inscriptions

'IN / RI'

' M
AR IA'
MARIA

Dimensions

Height: 9.9 cm, Width: 6.5 cm

Object history note

Given by Dr. W. L. Hildburgh, F. S. A., 1953. Acquired by him in Lucerne.

Descriptive line

Crucifix, jet with silver mounts, Spanish (Santiago de Compostela), about 1700-1800

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Trusted, Marjorie. Spanish Sculpture. Catalogue of the Post-Medieval Spanish Sculpture in Wood, Terracotta, Alabaster, Marble, Stone, Lead and Jet in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 1996, pp. 148, cat. no. 76

Materials

Jet; Silver

Techniques

Mounting

Subjects depicted

Skull; Crucifix

Categories

Christianity; Sculpture; Death

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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