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Figure group - Peasant woman nursing a baby
  • Peasant woman nursing a baby
    Dalou, Aimé-Jules, born 1838 - died 1902
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Peasant woman nursing a baby

  • Object:

    Figure group

  • Place of origin:

    London (made)

  • Date:

    1873 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Dalou, Aimé-Jules, born 1838 - died 1902 (sculptor)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Terracotta

  • Museum number:

    A.8-1993

  • Gallery location:

    Sculpture, Room 21a, The Dorothy and Michael Hintze Galleries

According to M. Dreyfous in Dalou: Sa Vie et Son Oeuvre, this composition was based on a group entitled Juno Suckling the Infant Hercules, which the artist later destroyed. Two slightly reduced versions of this composition exist: one in the Hermitage, St Petersburg, and the other also in the V&A (Museum no. A.27-1912). The slight reduction in size of these two versions suggests they were cast from a mould taken from this piece, but they may have been slightly reworked by the artist.

There are also a number of small-scale versions of this group. A terracotta (height 45 cm) in the collection of Mr and Mrs Michael Travers (formerly in the collection of P. M. Turner) is signed and dated 1872. It is possible that this is the original sketch model, as it is the earliest dated version of the group. Another terracotta is in the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (dated 1873; height 49 cm), and there are two in private collections.

A plaster version is in the Petit Palais, Paris (height 52 cm). This was the model for editions by Susse Frères in bronze and Sèvres in biscuit porcelain (no. 1045). A marble version of the same group, probably a workshop piece (height 94.5 cm) was sold by Matthiesen's, London, in 1955 to an English private collection. From there it passed in 1986 to a French private collection. An engraving of this composition (a mirror image) was made by Achille-Isodore Gilbert and published in 1876 in an article about the London art world in the journal L'Art. A drawing, also a mirror image, was then made from this engraving by Vincent Van Gogh.

Dalou (1838-1902) was the son of a glove maker and initially trained in drawing at the Petit École in Paris. There he was encouraged to do sculpture. In 1854 he entered the École des Beaux-Arts, where he trained for four years. He was known for his left-wing political sympathies and was involved in the establishment of the Paris Commune in 1871. After his overthrow he was forced into exile in London, where he lived from 1871 until his return to Paris in 1879. In London he frequently exhibited at the Royal Academy and he was given a teaching appointment at the National Art Training School in South Kensington (later the Royal College of Art), where he had a profound effect on the development of British sculpture.

Physical description

Figure group: a peasant woman wearing a simple headress seated on an upturned basket is about to suckle an open-mouthed child wearing a robe and bonnet.

Place of Origin

London (made)

Date

1873 (made)

Artist/maker

Dalou, Aimé-Jules, born 1838 - died 1902 (sculptor)

Materials and Techniques

Terracotta

Marks and inscriptions

'DALOU/1873'
on back of base r.

Dimensions

Height: 136.5 cm, Width: 70 cm, Depth: 80 cm, Weight: 317.5 kg

Object history note

Provenance: Purchased from the artist for 300 guineas in 1873 [and made for] Sir Lionel Coutts Lindsay, Bt, London and was exhibited at the Royal Academy the same year. Subsequently in the collections of Lord and Lady Wantage, Lockinge, Oxfordshire and then A. Thomas Loyd, Lockinge. Loyd presented it to the Tate Gallery in 1924. Transfer from the Tate to V&A in 1969 on long-term loan, this piece was at the Bethnal Green Museum between 1973 and 1983, and was formally accessioned by the V&A in 1993. See Tate Gallery Papers Part 3 1970-1973 RP 73/1571

Descriptive line

Figure group, terracotta, of a French peasant woman, by Aimé-Jules Dalou, Anglo-French, made London, 1873

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Bilbey, Diane with Trusted, Marjorie, British Sculpture 1470 to 2000. A Concise Catalogue of the Collection at the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 2002, p. 242-3, cat. no. 366
Albinson, Cassandra , Dalou in England: Portraits of Womanhood (1871-1879), exhibition leaflet, Leeds: Henry Moore Institute, 2008
'Exhibition of the Royal Academy', The Times, 3 May 1873, p.12.
Athenaeum, no. 2379, 31 May 1873, p. 702.
Dreyfous, M, Dalou: Sa Vie et Son Œuvre Paris, 1903. pp.57-62 (repr p.59)
Caillaux, H. Aimé-Jules Dalou (1838-1902) Paris, 1935, p.81-82, 127
Trusted, Marjorie, ed. The Making of Sculpture. The Materials and Techniques of European Sculpture. London: 2007, p. 46, pl. 78
Avery, C. “From David d’Angers to Rodin – Britain’s national collection of French nineteenth-century sculpture”. In: The Connoisseur, April 1972, vol. 179, no. 722, p. 238
Corbeau-Parsons, Caroline, ed. Impressionists in London: French Artists in Exile 1870-1904, exh. cat., 2017, p.153.

Materials

Terracotta

Subjects depicted

Woman; Basket; Child

Categories

Ph_survey; Sculpture

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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