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Relief - Blessed Soul
  • Blessed Soul
    Azzolino, Giovanni Bernardino, born 1572 - died 1645
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Blessed Soul

  • Object:


  • Place of origin:

    Naples (made)

  • Date:

    17th century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Azzolino, Giovanni Bernardino, born 1572 - died 1645 (sculptor)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Coloured wax on painted glass in deep stained and gilt box frame

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

The wax is one of a set of four which have previously been descibed as "workshop of Giulio Gaetano Zumbo", following John Pope-Hennessy's attribution of other related waxes already in the Collection at the time of their acquisition (A.65 & 66-1938).
Finaldi (see bibliography) ascribes similar, but not identical waxes to both Azzolino and Giulio de Grazia.

Physical description

The bust is of a female "soul". She casts her eyes upwards. Her blond hair is decorated with four white roses. She wears a white gown sprigged with gold flowers. The 'V' shaped neck of the gown has a band decorated with pastes and seed pearls, and there are two further necklaces around her neck similarly decorated.

Place of Origin

Naples (made)


17th century (made)


Azzolino, Giovanni Bernardino, born 1572 - died 1645 (sculptor)

Materials and Techniques

Coloured wax on painted glass in deep stained and gilt box frame

Marks and inscriptions

'Beati munde corde'


Height: 25.5 cm, Width: 22.1 cm, Depth: 6 cm

Object history note

Purchased from Ferrando, Rome, April 1931 by the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine. Given by the Wellcome Institute in 1982, together with A.19 / 20 / 21-1982.

Descriptive line

Relief, coloured wax, Blessed Soul, by Giovanni Bernardino Azzolino, Italian, 17th century

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Finaldi, G., "Giulio de Grazia: Medallist to the Spanish Viceroys of Naples", in: The Medal, no. 24, Spring 1994, pp. 3-7
García Cueto, David, 'On the origianl meanings of Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Anima beata and Anima dannata: Nymph and Satyr?', in: <u>Sculpture Journal, Volume 24.1 [2015], pp. 37-53, ill. p. 43

Subjects depicted

Flowers; Roses; Female head


Sculpture; Religion; Christianity; Waxes


Sculpture Collection

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