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Relief - The Judgement of the Damned
  • The Judgement of the Damned
    Zumbo, Gaetano Giulio, born 1656 - died 1701
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The Judgement of the Damned

  • Object:

    Relief

  • Place of origin:

    Italy (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1675 to 1700 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Zumbo, Gaetano Giulio, born 1656 - died 1701 (maker)
    de Julianis, Caterina (maker)
    Azzolini, Giovanni Bernardino

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Coloured wax

  • Credit Line:

    Bequeathed by Lady de Gex.

  • Museum number:

    A.64-1938

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This wax shows Christ in Judgement seated on a cloud, with a devil grabbing a damned soul. Below is an altar with objects symbolic of death and mortality and underneath are two devils with a recumbent skeleton and the fiery mouth of Hell swallowing sinners. The wax is attributed to Caterina de Julianis, a Neapolitan nun and pupil of the specialist wax sculptor Gaetano Giulio Zumbo (1656-1701), but was possibly made by or after Giovanni Bernardino Azzolini (1572-1645).

Azzolini was a sculptor, mainly active in Naples. He is known to have sculpted a tableau of 'The Four last Things' in wax in Genoa in 1610 (now in the Convento de las Carmelitas Descalzas, Peñaranda de Bracamante, Spain).

Physical description

Relief in coloured wax, the Judgment of the Damned. The upper part of the relief is framed in curtains, and shows Christ in judgement seated on a cloud with three attendant angels and to the left a devil seizing a damned soul. Arrows or thunderbolts descend from the cloud on to a distant landscape at the back. In the middle of the relief on an altar or table is a skull surrounded by the crown of thorns, the instruments of the Passion, three boxes, an hourglass, a money bag, a painted pax and a book. Beneath is a recumbent skeleton with two devils and on the left the fiery mouth of a monster swallowing sinners. On the front of the altar or table is the inscription MORS IMPIORVM PESSIMA, and beneath is a second inscription: mortuus est Diues Eupolo. et se/ pultus est in inferno. Luc 16.

Place of Origin

Italy (made)

Date

ca. 1675 to 1700 (made)

Artist/maker

Zumbo, Gaetano Giulio, born 1656 - died 1701 (maker)
de Julianis, Caterina (maker)
Azzolini, Giovanni Bernardino

Materials and Techniques

Coloured wax

Dimensions

Height: 26.7 cm, Width: 19.4 cm

Object history note

Bequeathed by Lady de Gex in 1938.

Descriptive line

Wax relief, depicting the Judgement of the Damned, attributed to Caterina de Julianis, possibly by or after Giovanni Bernardino Azzolini, Spanish/Italian, 17th century

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Pope-Hennessy, John. Catalogue of Italian Sculpture in the Victoria and Albert Museum. London: Her Majesty's Stationary Office, 1964, pp. 633
Eade, Jane, ‘The Theatre of Death’, in: Oxford Art Journal, Oxford University Press, 36.1. 2013, pp. 109-125

Labels and date

RELIEF OF THE JUDGEMENT OF THE DAMNED
Attributed to Caterina De Julianis (active form about 1690)
Italian, Naples; about 1690-17—
Coloured wax

The wax shows Christ in judgement seated on a cloud, with a devil grabbing a damned soul. Below is an altar with objects symbolic of death and mortality, and underneath a skeleton and the fiery mouth of hell swallowing sinners. The artist was probably Caterina De Jukianis, a Neapolitan nun and pupil of the specialist wax sculptor Gaetano Giulio Zumbo (1656-1701), whose time and death can be seen in the adjacent gallery (Room 2A).
[1993 - 2011]

Materials

Wax

Subjects depicted

Book; Instruments of the Passion; Devils; Altar; Arrow; Pax; Crown of thorns; Boxes; Skeleton; Hour-glass

Categories

Reliefs; Sculpture; Death

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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