Not currently on display at the V&A

Damned Soul

Relief
17th century (made)
Artist/Maker
Place Of Origin

The wax is one of a set of four which have previously been descibed as "workshop of Giulio Gaetano Zumbo", following John Pope-Hennessy's attribution of other related waxes already in the Collection at the time of their acquisition (A.65 & 66-1938).
Finaldi (see bibliography) ascribes similar, but not identical waxes to both Azzolino and Giulio de Grazia.


object details
Categories
Object Type
Materials and Techniques
Coloured wax on painted glass in deep stained and gilt box frame
Brief Description
Relief, coloured wax, Damned Soul, by Giovanni Bernardino Azzolino, Italian, 17th century
Physical Description
Naked male bust surrounded by a representation of Hell. Modelled red and gilt flames lick round brown rocks and a snake-like monster. The background is gilt and painted to resemble further flames. The head has wild long hair flying backwards. The eyes stare in horror, the mouth is opened in a yell and the whole face and neck contorted. Veins are shown standing out in the neck and there is a bloody open wound on the soul's chest. Inscription.
Dimensions
  • Height: 26cm
  • Width: 22cm
  • Depth: 6.5cm
Marks and Inscriptions
'Nulla Redemptio' (at back of frame)
Object history
Purchased from Ferrando, Rome, April 1931 by the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine. Given by the Wellcome Institute in 1982, together with A.19 / 20 / 22-1982.
Subjects depicted
Place Depicted
Summary
The wax is one of a set of four which have previously been descibed as "workshop of Giulio Gaetano Zumbo", following John Pope-Hennessy's attribution of other related waxes already in the Collection at the time of their acquisition (A.65 & 66-1938).

Finaldi (see bibliography) ascribes similar, but not identical waxes to both Azzolino and Giulio de Grazia.
Associated Objects
Bibliographic References
  • Finaldi, G., "Giulio de Grazia: Medallist to the Spanish Viceroys of Naples", in: The Medal, no. 24, Spring 1994, pp. 3-7
  • García Cueto, David, 'On the origianl meanings of Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Anima beata and Anima dannata: Nymph and Satyr?', in: Sculpture Journal, Volume 24.1 [2015], pp. 37-53, ill. p. 43
Collection
Accession Number
A.21-1982

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record createdJune 24, 2009
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