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Plate

Plate

  • Place of origin:

    Paris (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1810 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Darte Frères (manufacturers)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Hard-paste porcelain painted with enamels and gilded

  • Credit Line:

    Presented by Lt. Col. K. Dingwall, DSO with Art Fund support

  • Museum number:

    C.374-1914

  • Gallery location:

    Europe 1600-1815, Room 1, case CA7

This lavishly decorated plate displays the heavy gilding fashionable in the early-19th century and the Emperor’s head painted in imitation of a hardstone cameo is a tribute to the popularity of classical carved gems at this period. The cameo portrait on this dish depicts Caligula (Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus;12 AD – 41AD), Roman Emperor from 37 AD to 41 AD. The image closely matches a coin depicting Caligula, illustrated in Ennio Quirino Visconti’s 'Iconographie Grecque'. Paris, 1808. Plate 25a. Visconti (1751-1818) was an Italian antiquarian and art historian, papal Prefect of Antiquities, and an expert on ancient Roman sculpture..Published by order of Napoleon I copies of this three volume work were given out as gifts.
Louis Joseph and Jean François Darté’s factory in the Rue de la Roquette was in production from 1808 to 1825 at a time when there were more than thirty porcelain factories and four thousand outworkers in Paris. The outlet for the firm was in the elegant Palais Royal. Many other porcelain factories were making use of this cameo technique, between 1811 and 1818 the Sèvres factory produced three ‘Services iconographique grec’ also decorated with Neo-classical borders and using portrait imagery from Visconti.

Physical description

Round porcelain plate lavishly decorated with heavy gilding. The Emperor Caligula's head is depicted in the centre, in imitation of a hardstone cameo.

Place of Origin

Paris (made)

Date

ca. 1810 (made)

Artist/maker

Darte Frères (manufacturers)

Materials and Techniques

Hard-paste porcelain painted with enamels and gilded

Marks and inscriptions

'DARTE / Pal. Royal / N..21''
Mark stencilled in red

Dimensions

Diameter: 22.9 cm

Object history note

Kenneth Dingwall D.S.O. was a member of the Oriental Ceramics Society who donated a large number of works to the Victoria and Albert Museum between 1910 and 1937.

Descriptive line

Plate, enamelled and gilded hard-paste porcelain, French, 19th century.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Wittwer, Samuel, 'Refinement and Elegance: Early Nineteenth-Century Royal Porcelain from the Twinight Collection, New York'. Hirmer, Munich. 2007. pp158-160. Sèvres ‘Service iconographique grec'
Iconographie grecque, par le chevalier E.Q. Visconti
Visconti, Ennio Quirino, 1751-1818.
Publisher: Paris, Impr. de P. Didot laîné, 1808.
Plate 25a.




Labels and date

Label for 'American and European Art and Design 1800-1900', Gallery 101, de-canted March 2017:

'9
Plate with Head of the Emperor Caligula
About 1810

Strong colours and lavish gilding were typical of the Empire style. The head on this plate imitates a classical carved cameo. This cameo decoration was used at the imperial factory at Sèvres, but also at many of the small porcelain factories of Paris. The Darte brothers sold their wares from the elegant and fashionable Palais Royal.

France, Paris; manufactured by Darte Frères
Hard-past porcelain, painted in enamels and gilt
Marked 'DARTE FRERES A PARIS'

Museum no. C.374-1914
Given by Kenneth Dingwall, DSO' [08/06/2017]
PLATE

C.374-1914

‘American and European Art and Design 1800-1900'

Louis Joseph and Jean François Darté’s factory in the Rue de la Roquette was in production from 1808 to 1825 at a time when there were more than thirty porcelain factories and four thousand outworkers in Paris. The outlet for the firm was in the elegant Palais Royal. This lavishly decorated plate displays the heavy gilding fashionable at this period, and the Emperor’s head is painted in imitation of a hardstone cameo, a device used at Sèrves and other porcelain factories, and a tribute to the popularity of classical carved gems.

Given by Kenneth Dingwall, D.S.O. [1987-2006]

Materials

Hard paste porcelain; Enamel; Gilt

Techniques

Enamelled; Gilded; Painted

Categories

Ph_survey; Ceramics; Porcelain

Collection

Ceramics Collection

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