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Figure
  • Figure
    Kändler, Johann Joachim, born 1706 - died 1775
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Figure

  • Place of origin:

    Meissen (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1744-1745 (made)
    1744 (modelled)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Kändler, Johann Joachim, born 1706 - died 1775 (modeller)
    Meissen porcelain factory (manufacturer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Hard-paste porcelain, painted in enamels and gilded

  • Credit Line:

    Purchased with the assistance of the Murray Bequest

  • Museum number:

    C.796-1936

  • Gallery location:

    Ceramics, Room 145, case 11, shelf 2

'The Order of the Pug' was a type of Masonic society founded in 1740 by Klemens August of Bavaria after the Pope forbade Catholics from becoming Freemasons in 1738. The Society's symbol was the pug dog (or Mops in German) which stood for loyalty, fidelity and steadfastness. Unlike the Masons at the time, it was also notable in that they allowed women to become members, providing they were Catholics.

Although the Order was supposed to be a secret society, the Meissen modeller Kändler made many different models of pugs and figures holding pug dogs, presumably reflecting its popularity during the 1740s.

Physical description

Hard-paste porcelain figure of a young woman wearing a full skirted overdress in salmon pink reserved with 'indianische blumen', open to reveal an orange underskirt and frilled bodice, the turned back collar with military style trimming, holding a pug dog resting on her skirts with her left arm, another at her feet looking out from under her skirts, set on a high pedestal base decorated with fielded panels of faux marbling in salmon pink and black, the rims picked out in gold.

Place of Origin

Meissen (made)

Date

ca. 1744-1745 (made)
1744 (modelled)

Artist/maker

Kändler, Johann Joachim, born 1706 - died 1775 (modeller)
Meissen porcelain factory (manufacturer)

Materials and Techniques

Hard-paste porcelain, painted in enamels and gilded

Marks and inscriptions

'34'
Impressed mark on base

Dimensions

Height: 29 cm

Descriptive line

Hard-paste porcelain figure of a member of the Order of the Pug, modelled by J.J. Kändler, made at the Meissen porcelain factory, Germany, ca. 1744-45

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Menzhausen, Ingelore In Porzellan verzaubert, Die Figuren Johann Joachim Kändlers in Meissen aus der Sammlung Pauls-Eisenbeiss Basel Wiese Verlag, Basel, 1993. ISBN 3-909158-86-2. 115 p.
Rafael, Johannes Zur "Taxa Kaendler", Keramos 203/204, 2009 pp. 25-69, including a full transcription of the 'Taxa' and parallel text in German and English. Keramos is the quarterly magazine of Ceramics Society of Düsseldorf, editor, Dr. Alfred Ziffer, January-April, Deggendorf, 2009

Materials

Hard paste porcelain

Techniques

Moulded; Painted; Gilded

Subjects depicted

Dog (animal); Woman

Categories

Ceramics; Porcelain

Collection

Ceramics Collection

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