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Balthazar de Villars

  • Object:

    Medal

  • Place of origin:

    France (made)

  • Date:

    1600 (dated)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Dupré, Guillaume (medallist)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Bronze

  • Museum number:

    A.352-1910

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

The medal depicts Balthazar de Villars (1559-1629), who was Lieutenant-general to the "Présidial" of Lyons.
Cast in bronze or lead, the Renaissance portrait medal commemorated individuals or events. They were used as gifts and mementoes and were inspired by Roman coins, with their portraits of rulers and allegorical representations on the reverse, eagerly collected by humanists. Many specialist sculptors were attracted to the art form. It was recognised that there was a ready market for medals among the growing class of collectors, usually members of the intelligensia or the gentry, who were attracted to small-scale works of art. The medal format proved ideal for this type of personal and intimate object.

Physical description

Medal depicts on the obverse the bust to right of Villars, bearded, wearing an embroidered mantle over a doublet, and a ruff. Inscription.
On the reverse a shield of arms surmounted by a helmet having for crest a naked man, erased, armed with a club. Inscription.

Place of Origin

France (made)

Date

1600 (dated)

Artist/maker

Dupré, Guillaume (medallist)

Materials and Techniques

Bronze

Marks and inscriptions

'B . DE . VILLARS . PRÆSES . ET . PRÆTOR . LVGD . - G . DVPRE . F'
obverse

'FORTIS . FORTVNA . FORTIOR' - MDC'
reverse

Dimensions

Diameter: 4.6 cm

Object history note

From the Salting bequest.

Descriptive line

Medal, bronze, Balthazar de Villars, by Guillaume Dupré, France, dated 1600

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

'Salting Bequest (A. 70 to A. 1029-1910) / Murray Bequest (A. 1030 to A. 1096-1910)'. In: List of Works of Art Acquired by the Victoria and Albert Museum (Department of Architecture and Sculpture). London: Printed under the Authority of his Majesty's Stationery Office, by Eyre and Spottiswoode, Limited, East Harding Street, EC, p.52
Jones, Mark. Catalogue of the French Medals in the British Museum, Vol II, 1600-1672. London: 1988, pp. 52-54, No 8

Materials

Bronze

Subjects depicted

Naked man; Shield of arms

Categories

Coins & Medals; Portraits; Sculpture

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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