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Plaquette - A Roman Triumph

A Roman Triumph

  • Object:

    Plaquette

  • Place of origin:

    Italy (North, made)

  • Date:

    late 15th century to early 16th century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Moderno (artist)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Bronze

  • Museum number:

    A.451-1910

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Plaquettes are small plaques or reliefs made of bronze, brass, lead or precious metals. They originated in the 1440ies with the desire to reproduce coins and hardstone engravings from ancient Greece and Rome. Some were made as collector's pieces, to be viewed and displayed in private, and others for practical purposes. They also inspired designs in other media, from architecture to bookbindings.
Whilst religious plaquettes had both public and private functions, and mounted religious plaquettes, known as paxes, were held up during mass for the kiss of peace, those with a secular subject matter were usually for private, personal use. They were used as pendants, desk ornaments, and applied to functional objects such as pounce-pots. They were also valued as fine miniature works of art. Plaquettes had a role in disseminating classical imagery and designs throughout Europe, in the same manner as the contemporary print. The subject matter was often a miniature composition, only rarely a single isolated figure.

Physical description

A commander on a horse pacing to the left. Beside him another horseman and three foot soldiers, one driving a naked prisoner in front of him. Above inscription SENATVS POPLS. In the border are hunting and hawking scenes, huntsmen, dogs, a stag, bears, apes, and a man tearing open a lion's mouth.

Place of Origin

Italy (North, made)

Date

late 15th century to early 16th century (made)

Artist/maker

Moderno (artist)

Materials and Techniques

Bronze

Marks and inscriptions

'SENATVS POPLS'

Dimensions

Diameter: 7.6 cm

Object history note

From the Salting bequest.

Descriptive line

Plaquette, bronze, A Roman Triumph, in the manner of Moderno, North Italy, late 15th to early 16th century

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

'Salting Bequest (A. 70 to A. 1029-1910) / Murray Bequest (A. 1030 to A. 1096-1910)'. In: List of Works of Art Acquired by the Victoria and Albert Museum (Department of Architecture and Sculpture). London: Printed under the Authority of his Majesty's Stationery Office, by Eyre and Spottiswoode, Limited, East Harding Street, EC, p. 71
Maclagan, Eric. Catalogue of Italian Plaquettes . London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 1924, p. 42
Pope-Hennessy, John. Renaissance Bronzes from the Samuel H. Kress Collection. Reliefs - Plaquettes - Statuettes - Utensils and Mortars . London: 1965, p. 87, no 304, fig 263

Materials

Bronze

Subjects depicted

Huntsmen; Dogs; Soldiers; Bear; Prisoner; Lion; Commander; Horses; Trophy; Armour

Categories

Sculpture; Plaques & Plaquettes

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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