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Sixtus IV

  • Object:

    Medal

  • Place of origin:

    Italy (made)

  • Date:

    1481 (dated)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Guacialoti, Andrea or Guazzalotti, born 1435 - died 1495 (medallist)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Bronze

  • Museum number:

    A.188-1910

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This medal depicts the bust of Pope Sixtus IV, born Francesco d'Albescola della Rovere. he was born in 1414 and died in 1484.

Sixtus IV contributed more than any other Renaissance pope to the renovation of the city of Rome.
The motto on the medal is from Virgil's 'Aeneid' and the reverse commemorates the expulsion of the Turks from Ottranto in 1481 by troops partly contributed by the Pope. The medallist Guacialoti (Guazzalotti) was also a member of the clergy.

Physical description

Medal depicts on the obverse the bust to the left of Sixtus, wearing a cope and the Papal tiara. Inscription. On the reverse is a naked young woman leaning with her left elbow on a pillar holding a scarf, with a long staff in her right hand. At the foot of the pillar are small figures of captive Turks, to the left at her feet two ships in a harbour. Below a legend.

Place of Origin

Italy (made)

Date

1481 (dated)

Artist/maker

Guacialoti, Andrea or Guazzalotti, born 1435 - died 1495 (medallist)

Materials and Techniques

Bronze

Marks and inscriptions

'SIXTVS . III . PON . MAX . SACRICVLT'
on the obverse

'CONSTANTIA . - PARCERE . SVBIECTIS . ET DEBELLARE SVPERBOS . / SIXTE POTES - MCCCCLXXXI'
Inscribed on the reverse, the date incised.

Dimensions

Diameter: 6 cm

Object history note

From the Salting bequest.

Descriptive line

Medal, bronze, bust of Pope Sixtus IV, by Andrea Guacialoti, Italy, dated 1481

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Hill, George Francis. A Corpus of Italian Medals of the Renaissance, Before Cellini, Volume I, Text. London: British Museum, 1930, no. 751
'Salting Bequest (A. 70 to A. 1029-1910) / Murray Bequest (A. 1030 to A. 1096-1910)'. In: List of Works of Art Acquired by the Victoria and Albert Museum (Department of Architecture and Sculpture). London: Printed under the Authority of his Majesty's Stationery Office, by Eyre and Spottiswoode, Limited, East Harding Street, EC, p. 21

Materials

Bronze

Subjects depicted

Woman; Scarf; Cope; Pillar; Tiara; Legend

Categories

Coins & Medals; Christianity; Portraits; Sculpture

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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