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Relief - Bacchus and Ceres, deserting Venus and Cupid
  • Bacchus and Ceres, deserting Venus and Cupid
    Spranger, Bartholomeus , born 1546 - died 1611
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Bacchus and Ceres, deserting Venus and Cupid

  • Object:

    Relief

  • Place of origin:

    France (probably, made)

  • Date:

    17th century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Spranger, Bartholomeus , born 1546 - died 1611 (artist)
    Muller, Jan Harmensz, born 1571 - died 1628 (engraver)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Marble in relief

  • Museum number:

    61-1908

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This marble relief is copied from an engraving by Jan Muller (1571-1628), after a picture dated 1591 by Bartholomeus Spranger (1546-1611) at Vienna.

Spranger, Bartholomeus was a Mannerist painter, draughtsman and etcher. From 1565 on he travelled to Italy and Paris. He worked on wall paintings in various churches. In Rome he became a protege by Giulio Clovio and Pope Pius V made him court painter. He was then asked to come to Austria (Vienna) by Maximilian Holy Roman Emperor, who died soon after his arrival. Then Maximilian's successor Rudolf II made him court painter, the court having moved to Prague by that time.

Muller was a Dutch engraver, draughtsman and painter, born into a family of book printers, engravers and publishers, the family business called De Vergulde Passer ('The gilded compasses'). This was situated in Warmoesstraat, and Jan Muller worked there for many years. Between 1594 and 1602 he might have gone to Italy to Rome and Naples. He married the Dutch sculptor Adriaen de Vries, a pupil of Giambologna. He was also acquainted with Bartholomeus Spranger and other artists in Prague, which became a flourishing centre of the arts under Emperor Rudolf II.

Physical description

This marble relief shows in the foreground Ceres and Bacchus, walking away hand in hand. In the background, under na oak-tree, are Venus and Cupid crouching over a fire to warm themselves.

Place of Origin

France (probably, made)

Date

17th century (made)

Artist/maker

Spranger, Bartholomeus , born 1546 - died 1611 (artist)
Muller, Jan Harmensz, born 1571 - died 1628 (engraver)

Materials and Techniques

Marble in relief

Dimensions

Height: 19.4 cm

Object history note

Given by Mrs. South.

Descriptive line

Relief, marble, Bacchus and Ceres, deserting Venus and Cupid, after an engraving by Jan Muller, probably French, 17th century

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

List of Works of Art Acquired by the Victoria and Albert Museum in the Years 1905 - 1908. In: List of Works of Art Acquired by the Victoria and Albert Museum, During the Year 1908, Arranged According to the Dates of Acquisition with Appendix and Indices. London: Printed for His Majesty's Stationery Office, by Eyre and Spottiswoode, Limited, 1909, p. 13
Penny, Nicholas. Catalogue of European Sculpture in the Ashmolean Museum, Vol II, Oxford, 1992, No. 363

Production Note

The marble relief is copied from an engraving by Jan Muller (1571-1628), after the picture dated 1591 by Bartholomeus Spranger (1546-1611) at Vienna.

Materials

Marble

Techniques

Relief

Subjects depicted

Fire

Categories

Myths & Legends; Sculpture

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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