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Medal - Alexander Etruscus

Alexander Etruscus

  • Object:

    Medal

  • Place of origin:

    Italy (made)

  • Date:

    after 1474 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Flavius de Bonis, Hermes (made)
    Lysippus the Younger (made)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Bronze

  • Credit Line:

    Salting Bequest

  • Museum number:

    A.234-1910

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This medal depicts the head of a boy, called Alexander Etruscus and is made by medallist Ermes Flavius de Bonis, signing Hermes Flavius. Wesche suggested Flavius de Bonis to be identical with Lysippus the Younger.
Lysippus the Younger was a medalist of the second half of the fifteenth century (active 1470-1484). A 'nephew' or 'grandson' of Cristoforo di Geremia. He is one of the most enigmatic medallists of the 15th century.

Physical description

Medal in bronze. The obverse presents the profile head of a boy, turned to the left. Inscription. The reverse shows, within a wreath, Pegasus flying to the left, carrying on his back a swan that chases Eros away. A putto, standing on his back, holds his mane; a swan is perched on his crupper. Inscription.

Place of Origin

Italy (made)

Date

after 1474 (made)

Artist/maker

Flavius de Bonis, Hermes (made)
Lysippus the Younger (made)

Materials and Techniques

Bronze

Marks and inscriptions

'ALEXANDER ETRVSCVS ADOLESCENTIAE PRINCEPS'
Obverse

'HERMES FLAVIVS APOLLINI SVO CONSECRAVIT'
Hermes Flavius has offered it to his Apollo
reverse

Dimensions

Diameter: 12.3 cm

Object history note

From the Salting bequest.

Descriptive line

Medal, bronze, Alexander Etruscus (Alessandro Cinuzzi), by Ermes Flavio de Bonis or possibly Lysippus the Younger (the two might be identical), Italy, after 1474

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Wesche, Markus, 'Lysippus Unveiled: A Renaissance Medallist in Rome and his Humanist Friends', The Medal, no. 52, Spring 2008, pp. 4-13
Hill, George Francis. A Corpus of Italian Medals of the Renaissance, Before Cellini, Volume I, Text. London: British Museum, 1930, no. 220
'Salting Bequest (A. 70 to A. 1029-1910) / Murray Bequest (A. 1030 to A. 1096-1910)'. In: List of Works of Art Acquired by the Victoria and Albert Museum (Department of Architecture and Sculpture). London: Printed under the Authority of his Majesty's Stationery Office, by Eyre and Spottiswoode, Limited, East Harding Street, EC, p. 30

Production Note

The identification of Flavius de Bonis to Lysippus the Younger was suggested by Markus Wesche.

Materials

Bronze

Subjects depicted

Putto; Swan; Wreath; Boy

Categories

Coins & Medals; Portraits; Sculpture

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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