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Relief - The Crucifixion
  • The Crucifixion
    Anguier, Michel, born 1612 - died 1686
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The Crucifixion

  • Object:

    Relief

  • Place of origin:

    France (made)

  • Date:

    1646-1650 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Anguier, Michel, born 1612 - died 1686 (sculptor)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Terracotta relief

  • Museum number:

    A.99-1980

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This is a sketch model for one of the stucco reliefs in the nave of the Basilica of S. Giovanni in Laterano in Rome. Twelve such reliefs were commissioned from Allessandro Algardi as part of Borromini's reconstruction of the interior of the Basilica begun in 1646. The reliefs were executed in stucco between 1646 and 1653, not, in the event, by Algardi himself, but by his pupils. Among these pupils was Michel Anguier, who according to recently-discovered documents, was responsible for the reliefs depicting the 'Flood' and the 'Crucifixion. These are his earliest known works. After his early training in Rome Anguier returned to France to become one of the leading French sculptors of the second half of the seventeenth century.

Physical description

The Crucified Christ in the centre is flanked by a Roman centurion (perhaps Longinus) on horseback on his right, and the sorrowing Virgin behind two other figures, on his left. The Magdalene kneels at the foot of the cross and in the background are the two crucified thieves. The faces of five further figures are sketched in behind the crosses. Some of the figures have apparently been cast and applied to the modelled ground.

Place of Origin

France (made)

Date

1646-1650 (made)

Artist/maker

Anguier, Michel, born 1612 - died 1686 (sculptor)

Materials and Techniques

Terracotta relief

Dimensions

Height: 3.68 cm, Width: 3.49 cm

Object history note

Given by Elizabeth Wilson & John Winter, Sotheby's and Dr. Jennifer Montagu, Warburg Institute in 1980.

Historical significance: The companion piece of the 'Flood' was bought at the same sale at Sotheby's by the Metropolitan Museum, New York.

Historical context note

This is a sketch model for one of the stucco reliefs in the nave of the Basilica of S. Giovanni in Laterano in Rome. Twelve such reliefs were commissioned from Allessandro Algardi as part of Borromini's reconstruction of the interior of the Basilica begun in 1646. The reliefs were executed in stucco between 1646 and 1653, not, in the event, by Algardi himself, but by his pupils. Among these pupils was Michel Anguier, who according to recently-discovered documents, was responsible for the reliefs depicting the 'Flood' and the 'Crucifixion.

Descriptive line

Relief, sketch model, terracotta, the Crucifixion, by Michel Anguier, French, 1645-50

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Heimbürger Ravalli, M. Alessandro Algardi Scultore, Rome, 1973, pp. 171-2
Riccoboni, A., Roma nell'arte: la scultura nell'evo moderno, Rome, 1942, pp. 180-1
Montagu, Jennifer. Alessandro Algardi. New Haven and London, 1985, pp. 118-9, fig. 133, pp. 219-220, p. 465, cat.no. R. 12(1) B.1.
Bacchi, Andrea. Scultura del '600 a Roma, Milan, 1996, illus.no. 77 and p. 774

Production Note

Italo-France

Materials

Terracotta

Techniques

Relief

Subjects depicted

Cross

Categories

Christianity; Religion; Sculpture

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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