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Plaquette - Aux Dames de la Croix Rouge
  • Aux Dames de la Croix Rouge
    Allouard, Henri, born 1844 - died 1929
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Aux Dames de la Croix Rouge

  • Object:

    Plaquette

  • Place of origin:

    France (made)

  • Date:

    1916 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Allouard, Henri, born 1844 - died 1929 (medallists)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Bronze

  • Museum number:

    A.88-1920

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This bronze plaquette was made by Henri Allouard in France, 1916. This plaquette commemorates the nurses of the Red Cross. The soldier on this plaquette is probably intended to portray a man blinded by gas. After 1916 mustard gas attacks were more or less constant on the Western Front. Exposure was often fatal, following a slow agonising descent through burns to skin and external organs to respiratory failure. Those who survived were frequently left blind, and with permanent breathing difficulties.

Physical description

Obv., a nurse guides a soldier who has been blinded and wounded in the arm and leans on a stick. Decorated above with fronds of ivy -symbol of fidelity and attachment -and the shield of the Red Cross, and below with branches of oak and laurel. Panel blank for engraving. Rev., a female personification of Victory, crowned with laurels and holding the martyr's palm frond and an olive branch, hovers over the prone figure of a dead Red Cross nurse, probably intended to represents Edith Cavell. The nurse lies on a bed of flowers and palms, and besides her head is a revolver. In the background a city in flames, and on the horizon the rising sun. The top corners decorated with more shields and ivy. The edge has the incuse cornucopia of Paris Mint mark and BRONZE.

Place of Origin

France (made)

Date

1916 (made)

Artist/maker

Allouard, Henri, born 1844 - died 1929 (medallists)

Materials and Techniques

Bronze

Marks and inscriptions

"AUX DAMES DE LA CROIX ROUGE/VIRTUS/CARITAS"
"To the ladies of the Red Cross Virtue Charity"
obv.

"H. ALLOUARD"
obv., signed

Dimensions

Height: 70 mm, Width: 53 mm

Descriptive line

Plaquette, Aux Dames de la Croix Rouge, struck bronze, by Henri Allouard, French, 20th century, 1916.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

One by One: European Commemorative Medals of the Great War 1914-1918. London : Victoria and Albert Museum, 1998. cat. no. 42.

Materials

Bronze

Subjects depicted

Palm leaf; Laurel branches; The shield of the Red Cross; Soldier; The martyr's palm frond; Revolver; Oak branches; Nurse; Ivy; Flowers; Shields; City; Olive branches; Sun

Categories

Plaques & Plaquettes

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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