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Vessel base

Vessel base

  • Place of origin:

    Egypt (made)

  • Date:

    1050-1100 (made)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Experimental fritware body, carved and glazed

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Major W.J. Myers

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    Japan, Room 45, The Toshiba Gallery, case 3, shelf 3

About 1050, Egyptian potters found a new way to imitate Chinese porcelain. They created fritware, a white ceramic body made from ground pebbles or sand, small quantitiies of white clay and the glassy substance called 'frit'. The whitening effect of tin glaze was no longer needed, and transparent or coloured glazes were used instead.

Fritware was used for all later luxury wares made in the Middle East, including those decorated with lustre.

Physical description

Sherd from the base of a bowl, fritware, carved with the head of a gazelle and covered in a clear yellow or amber-coloured lead glaze with a splash of copper green oxide.

Place of Origin

Egypt (made)


1050-1100 (made)

Materials and Techniques

Experimental fritware body, carved and glazed

Object history note

The fritware body is experimental, finer than earthenware, but not as fully white as most refined white fritware

Descriptive line

Base of a bowl, experimental fritware body with carved decoration under a clear yellow glaze, Egypt, probably Fustat, 1050-1100.

Labels and date

Base of bowl
Egypt, probably Fustat, 1050-1100
Experimental fritware body
Museum no. 1079-1897. Given by Major W.J.Myers []

Production Note

probably Fustat




Carved; Glazed

Subjects depicted





Middle East Section

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