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Casket

Casket

  • Date:

    1600-1640 (made)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Fruitwood frame, gold and silver leaf backed panels, coloured glazes and paint.

  • Museum number:

    7414:1-1860

  • Gallery location:

    Furniture, room 133, case BY4, shelf EXP

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Physical description

Summary Description:
Octagonal box with raised cover set with panels of glass painted and etched with arabesque designs through gold and silver leaf raised on fllat turned feet. The interior is fitted with several compartments with gold edges and painted with a floral design in bright colours. One compartment is lidded.

Design:
Exterior: The box is composed of a framework of mouldings enclosing the verre eglomise panels. Those on the lid are shaped. The panels are symmetrically placed and are decorated on opposing sides with the same decoration. This arabesque ornament includes baskets of flowers, dolphins, fanciful birds, peacocks, snails, monkeys, rabbits, cornucopia, seerpents and flanking urns. The gold ground gives the whole decoration an effect of contre partie boulle work in its use of similar motifs, though here they are more detailed. The red areas can be read as appearing to imitate tortoiseshell and the blue urns imply hard stones.These effects have been achieved by using coloured silver foil behind the translucent glazes.
Interior: The inside is fitted with a grid of nine small compartments with two slots for papers surrounding a larger central well with a lift-off lid, which gives access to a shallow well covering the whole base of the box. The interior is stained dark red with gilded edges and the lid with gilded decoration of a bird and foliage. The lid is centrally placed with a red silk lifting tassle. The underside of the lid is decorated with stylised red, blue, orange and mauve flowers including tulips, turkshead lilies, chrysanthemums and gold leaves on a stained red paper ground. The centre of the lid is set with a square frame of gilded moulding which may have contained a mirror.

Decoration: Gold leaf has been applied to the whole of each glass panel, probably using gelatin dissolved in water. The shapes of the ornament have then been scribed onto the leaf. Because of the fragility of the leaf this is unlikely to have been done freehand though what method was used is uncertain.Translucent glazes have then been applied over the top to add colour. A silver leaf or foil has then been applied on top of the pigment to enhance the colour and achieve a foil like appearnce. The two silver pools of water seen on two of the panels would have had the pool shapes taken out of the gold leaf and then the pattern scribed through the silver leaf and inked in on the silver to define the outlines.

Construction:
The box is built up of poplar or birch boards approximately 1cm thick with the octagonal base set within the sides and the bottom of the sides are nailed to it from underneath. Each glass panel is framed in moulded ebonised wood, attached to the board by pins and glue. The top is a thin fillet of wood mitred at the corners and stuck on.
The inner compartments appear to have been constructed and fitted in the process of making the box. The base of the compartments is composed of three boards; one butt jointed crosswise between the other two and the joints reinforced with a fillet underneath. This structure is set into rebates in the sides of the box as are the vertical divisions. The lid is made of a single board, angled at the front corners to fit the profile of the box. The lid is attached with two cranked iron hinges attached with nails. The lid is composed of two broad boards running accross the sides forming a frame with two narrower boards running at top and bottom of the lid. These are lap jointed. The central raised octagon is built up over the inner edges of these boards behind the gilded central frame, with boards of poplar or bich mitred together and supporting a flat octagonal panel.
The framing of the glass panels of the lid are framed and constructed in the same way as the body of the box with overhanging moulding on the lower edge of the lid.
There is a metal hasp for a lock set into the top middle to the underside of the lid and evidence of a filled recess on the inside of the front of the box which indicates a lock might have been considered and abandoned.
The box rests on eight small flat turned feet.

Date

1600-1640 (made)

Materials and Techniques

Fruitwood frame, gold and silver leaf backed panels, coloured glazes and paint.

Marks and inscriptions

Circular label on underside of lid. Printed in red with Dept. of Science Museum around centeral image of a crown, No. then inscribed in ink 7414-1860.
7414-1860 painyted on in white to the right of the label.

Dimensions

Height: 25 cm, Width: 45 cm, Depth: 32.5 cm

Object history note

Acquired originally as Italian 16th century in 1860. Date revised by Oliver Brackett 23.10.08 to Italian first half of 17th century.

Labels and date

Original Label
Box, wood, octagonal form with raised cover; set with panels of glass painted with arabesque designs on gold ground, the interior of the cover painted with flowers in gold and colours. Italian 16th century.

Oliver Brackett Label
Workbox of wood set with glass panels decorated with designs etched through gold leaf under glass and painted in translucent colours, with metal foil at the back; the inside of the lid is painted with flloral designs. Italian; first half of 17th century [23.10.1908]
Casket
About 1625–50

Possibly Italy (Venice)
Fruitwood and stained poplar or birch
Panels: verre églomisé

Museum no. 7414-1860

Here the verre églomisé decoration was created on the back of the 25 glass panels before they were mounted on the box. The craftsman applied gold leaf to the glass and scraped the design into it. Still working from the back, he then painted it with translucent colour glazes and added silver leaf to enhance the colours.
[01/12/2012]

Production Note

Possibly Venetian; about 1600-1650

Techniques

Verre églomisé

Collection code

FWK

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Qr_O301244
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