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Spoon

  • Place of origin:

    London (made)

  • Date:

    1739-1740 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Wilks, James (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Silver, forged and engraved

  • Credit Line:

    Gift of J.H. Fitzhenry

  • Museum number:

    132-1903

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

A spoon is a type of household implement used (depending on the form and size) for serving, stirring, basting, eating etc, and consisting of a shallow bowl (usually oval, sometimes circular) and a handle (varying in length, curvature and style of decoration). From about the 1660s to the 1760s, the stem curved in the same direction of the bowl but thereafter, with the advent of spoons made in the 'Old English Pattern', the stem curved in the opposite direction of the bowl so that when a spoon is laid on a table both the bottom of the bowl and the terminal of the stem are in contact with the surface and the spoon is in a balanced position; hence on later spoons the decoration is on the front of the handle.

The styles of spoons vary tremendously, especially in the shape of the stem, the decoration of the bowl and the form of the terminal. The patterns of some spoons have distinctive names based on the shape and style of the handle, e.g. fiddle pattern, Old English Pattern, Onslow Pattern and dozens of others, both old and modern.

Physical description

Spoon of silver, the handle engraved with a crest (added later). Handle turned up at the end, pointed bowl with a drop on the back.

Place of Origin

London (made)

Date

1739-1740 (made)

Artist/maker

Wilks, James (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Silver, forged and engraved

Marks and inscriptions

London hallmarks for 1739-40

Mark of James Wilkes

Engraved (later) with a crest: a demi lion holding a ducal coronet.
Unidentified

Dimensions

Length: 8 in, Width: 1.625 in

Descriptive line

London hallmarks for 1739-40, mark of James Wilks

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Ian Pickford, Silver Flatware, English, Irish and Scottish, 1660-1980, Woodbridge, Antique Collectors; Club, 1983. ISBN. 0907462359

Materials

Silver

Techniques

Forging (metal forming); Engraving (incising)

Subjects depicted

Lion's head; Coronet; Crests

Categories

Eating; Metalwork; Tableware & cutlery

Collection

Metalwork Collection

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