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  • Place of origin:

    Iran (made)
    Jurjan (found)

  • Date:

    late 12th century-early 13th century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:


  • Materials and Techniques:

    Fritware with underglaze painting and incised decoration

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    Ceramics, Room 137, The Curtain Foundation Gallery, case 26, shelf 4

Physical description

Bowl of fritware, of hemispherical shape with everted rim, and decorated in black under a turquoise glaze. Interior with radiating 'willow sprays' alternating with hatched palmettes, and below the rim a black band with incised decoration of alternating vertical and horizontal lines. The exterior shows three 'willow sprays'.

Place of Origin

Iran (made)
Jurjan (found)


late 12th century-early 13th century (made)



Materials and Techniques

Fritware with underglaze painting and incised decoration


Height: 10.4 cm, Diameter: 22.3 cm

Object history note

This vessel was part of a hoard that was deliberately buried by its owner, probably a merchant who lived in Jurjan in north-east Iran, or who was passing through the city. In 1220, Jurjan was threatened by a Mongol invasion. The merchant packed the vessels in sand inside large storage jars and buried them for safekeeping. Soon afterwards, Jurjan was completely destroyed by the Mongols, and the owner never returned to recover the hoard.As a result, the vessels in this hoard survived together for almost 800 years, and in relatively good condition.The probable date of their burial also gives us a good indication of when the vessels in the hoard were made, as well as showing the wide variety of types of decoration that were used to make Iranian pottery at this time.

Clement Ades gave a large number of objects found in the Jurjan hoard to the Victoria and Albert Museum at different times. Their object numbers are C.152 to 171-1977, and C.35 to 49-1978.

Descriptive line

Bowl of fritware with incised and underglaze painted decoration, found at Jurjan, Iran (Kashan), late 12th century to early 13th century.

Labels and date

White earthenware painted in black under a turquoise glaze.
Found at Jurgan.
PERSIAN (Kashan); early 13th century.
Given by Mr. C.N.Ades MBE in memory of his wife, Andree Ades [Old G133 Label 1978]

Production Note

Found in Jurjan


Fritware; Slip; Glaze


Painted; Glazed; Incised

Subjects depicted

Willow; Palmettes


Ceramics; Islam


Middle East Section

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