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  • Place of origin:

    London (made)

  • Date:

    1776-1777 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Smith, George III (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Silver, forged and engraved

  • Credit Line:

    Gift of J.H. Fitzhenry

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

The records of the London goldsmiths' Garrard for 1760 include customer orders for spoons and forks which are described as 'turn'd back'. This is almost certainly a reference to pieces like this, in which the finial turns back or down so that they can be laid on the table with the bowl or tines uppermost (as we would set them on the table today). Turned back finials are unlike the French patterns which English goldsmiths imitated during the second half of the eighteenth century, and consequently this distinctive style has come to be known as 'Old English'. On the other hand, the single thread or reed around the edge of the handle is inspired by French styles, particularly table flatwares made by the immigrant Hugenot goldsmith who worked in London, Paul de Lamerie (1688-1751). The use of a single thread, as in this example, is uncommon.

Physical description

Old English pattern with a reeded, or threaded edge and a single drop. Engraved on the finial with the crest of a wolf's head erased.

Place of Origin

London (made)


1776-1777 (made)


Smith, George III (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Silver, forged and engraved

Marks and inscriptions

Marks on back of stem, L to R from bowl: journeyman's mark; maker's mark of George Smith III; lion passant, the mark for sterling standard silver; leopard's head crowned, the mark of the London assay office; date letter 'A' for assay year 1776-77.

Engraved on the finial, a crest of a wolf's head erased


Length: 21.5 cm Tip of bowl to tip of finial, Weight: 62.6 g

Descriptive line

Silver, English, London 1776-77, mark of George Smith III

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Grimwade, Arthur G.. London Goldsmiths 1697-1837. Their Marks and Lives. 1st edn. London: Faber and Faber, 1976.
Fairbairn’s Book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland. Reprint of the 4th edn, revised and enlarged, two volumes in one. London: Heraldry Today, 1996. ISBN 0900455381
Belden, Gail and Michael Snodin. Spoons. London: Pitman, 1976. ISBN 0273002368
Pickford, Ian. Silver Flatware. English, Irish and Scottish 1660-1980. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Antique Collectors' Club, 1983. ISBN 0907462359




Forging (metal forming); Engraving (incising)

Subjects depicted

Wolf; Reeding; Crests


Eating; Metalwork; Tableware & cutlery


Metalwork Collection

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