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  • Place of origin:

    London (made)

  • Date:

    1732-1733 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:


  • Materials and Techniques:

    Silver, forged and engraved

  • Credit Line:

    Gift of J.H. Fitzhenry

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This spoon is a typical example of a type popular across Europe in the first decade of the eighteenth century until about 1770. The style emerged in England in around 1710, and has become known as 'Hanoverian' because it was popular during the reigns of the first two Hanoverian monarchs (George I and George II), who ruled between 1714-1760. The drop at the heel of this example (where the stem joins the bowl) is characteristic of spoons made after around 1730. The finial of the spoon has been designed so that the spoon can be placed on the table with its open bowl down (the opposite of how it would be set on the table today) and this is why the initials of the original owner are engraved on what we would now think of as the back of the spoon. This arrangement followed French fashions, which had developed at the end of the seventeenth century. The three initials pricked on the back are almost certainly those of a husband and his wife. The top initial is the man's family name; the two letters below are the initials of the first name of the husband and wife.

Physical description

Spoon, silver, Hanoverian pattern with a single drop, a triad of initials 'B' over 'R * A' engraved on the finial.

Place of Origin

London (made)


1732-1733 (made)



Materials and Techniques

Silver, forged and engraved

Marks and inscriptions


Engraved on the finial with a triad of initials 'B' over 'R * A'

On back of spoon stem, L to R from bowl:
Leopard's head, mark of the London assay office; letter 'R' in a shaped shield, date letter for the assay year 1732-33; lion passant, the sterling silver mark; worn maker's mark in a shaped punch, initial 'P' legible.


Length: 17.5 cm tip of bowl to tip of finial, Weight: 31.3 g

Descriptive line

Silver, English, London, 1732-33, mark ?P with a device above, unidentified.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Snodin, Michael. English Silver Spoons. London: Charles Letts, 1974. ISBN 850971101
Pickford, Ian. Silver Flatware. English, Irish and Scottish 1660-1980. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Antique Collectors' Club, 1983. ISBN 0907462359




Forging (metal forming); Engraving (incising)

Subjects depicted

Initials (abbreviations)


Eating; Metalwork; Tableware & cutlery


Metalwork Collection

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