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Textile fragment

Textile fragment

  • Place of origin:

    Byzantium (possibly, made)
    Egypt (possibly, made)

  • Date:

    ca. AD900-1300

  • Materials and Techniques:

    woven silk

  • Museum number:

    292A-1889

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Fragment of woven silk. Weft-faced compound, twill weave. Very fragmented. Egyptian or Byzantine, ca. AD900-1300. The top of the piece has a brown/cream, fine striped background. A red floral desgin overlays the stripes and continues down the piece creating a red/cream pattern.

Samite (twill woven silk) was thought to originate from Persia under Sassanian rule (AD224-651). It was commonly decorated with pairs of animals and birds and set in pearled lotus roundels. It is often found in Western burials, within church possessions and along the Silk Road. Byzantine weaving workshops took on the samite technique to make it an essential weave of the period. It was a luxury textile of the Middle Ages brought to Europe when the Crusades opened up direct contact with the East. It was forbidden to the middle classes of France under the sumptuary rules c. 1470.

Physical description

Fragment of woven silk. Weft-faced compound, twill weave. Very fragmented. The top of the piece has a brown/cream, fine striped background. A red floral desgin overlays the stripes and continues down the piece creating a red/cream pattern.

Place of Origin

Byzantium (possibly, made)
Egypt (possibly, made)

Date

ca. AD900-1300

Materials and Techniques

woven silk

Dimensions

Height: 220 mm, Width: 110 mm

Descriptive line

A samite fragment. Possibly Egyptian or Byzantine, ca. AD900-1300.

Materials

Silk

Techniques

Weaving; Dyeing

Categories

Textiles; Archaeology; Death; Africa

Collection

Textiles and Fashion Collection

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