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Broth bowl with cover and stand

Broth bowl with cover and stand

  • Place of origin:

    Vienna (made)

  • Date:

    1735-1740 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Frey, Christian (painter)
    Du Paquier porcelain factory (manufacturer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Hard-paste porcelain painted with enamels and gilded

  • Credit Line:

    Purchased with funds from the Capt. H.B. Murray bequest

  • Museum number:

    C.206 to B-1937

  • Gallery location:

    Europe 1600-1815, Room 3, case CA15 []

Small low, covered tureens and matching stands like this were used for serving soups, bouillon and other similar foodstuffs in private apartments at breakfast, through the long hours of the toilette and to invalids in bed. In France such a tureen would be called an 'écuelle' and in German it was sometimes called a 'Wöchnerinnterrine' or 'maternity tureen'. However, while they certainly were used to serve restorative foods to women after chilbirth, they were much more widely used by women as well as by men. Some (but not this one) have covers fitted with feet, enabling this part to be reversed to serve as a plate for dealing with meat or marrow bones. They were not made as part of a dinner service, but were a standard component of toilet services. Being made for personal use, they were usually finely decorated. They were made in porcelain, silver and other materials.

The enamelled decoration on this piece is very very finely executed with a distinctive and highly unusual form of stippling (painting in small dots of colour). It has been attributed to the Vienna court painter Christian Frey, whose initials 'CF' occur on a gold-mounted Du Paquier porcelain tureen painted with similar subjects in this style, and which is further enriched with diamonds and hardstone cameos.

Physical description

Broth bowl with cover and stand of hard-paste porcelain painted with enamels and gilded. Borders painted in purple with shells, scrolls and diapered panels.

Place of Origin

Vienna (made)

Date

1735-1740 (made)

Artist/maker

Frey, Christian (painter)
Du Paquier porcelain factory (manufacturer)

Materials and Techniques

Hard-paste porcelain painted with enamels and gilded

Dimensions

Height: 13.3 cm Whole, Diameter: 26 cm Whole

Descriptive line

Broth bowl with cover and stand of hard-paste porcelain painted with enamels and gilded, probably painted by Christian Frey, Du Paquier porcelain factory, Vienna, 1735-1740.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

See Meredith Chilton et al, Fired by Passion: Vienna Baroque Porcelain of Claudius Innocentius Du Paquier, 2009, vol. 3, cat. 334, where the decoration is attributed to Frey and dated to ca. 1735-40,and vol. 2, p. 828, where the use of Vienna porcelain tureens of this type is discussed

Labels and date

Covered broth bowl and stand
About 1735–40

Industrial spies, defecting from Meissen, took the factory’s technical secrets to Vienna, and from there knowledge of porcelain production spread across the whole of Europe. The Du Paquier porcelain factory in Vienna made highly decorated luxury tablewares and personal accessories aimed at members of the imperial court. It was founded as a commercial enterprise and was bought by the emperor in 1744.

Austria (Vienna)
Made at the Du Paquier porcelain factory
Porcelain painted in enamels and gilded
Purchased with funds from the Captain H.B. Murray Bequest [09/12/2015]

Production Note

Attributed to Frey by Claudia Lerhner-Jobst, 2009

Materials

Hard paste porcelain

Techniques

Painted; Gilded

Subjects depicted

Musical instruments; Horn; Scrolls; Diaper; Trees; Putto; Clarinet; Dog; Harp; Bird; Shell

Categories

Ceramics; Porcelain

Collection

Ceramics Collection

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